Strategic Framework for Fishery Monitoring and Catch Reporting in the Pacific Fisheries
Strategy 4: Other program support
The Department will work with harvesters and others to clarify accountabilities, develop funding mechanisms, identify and address capacity needs, and provide further support for monitoring and reporting programs, as required.
Clarification of DFO and harvester responsibilities for various fishery monitoring and catch reporting functions must clearly documented and updated.
Where fisheries do not have self-funding mechanisms in place to recover monitoring and reporting costs, DFO will consult with harvesting groups on options for these mechanisms and a suitable schedule for their implementation.
Effective monitoring and reporting programs require not only sufficient funding but also the appropriate skills for information gathering and management. Individual harvesters may lack the knowledge necessary (e.g., the ability to identify different species) to conduct fishery monitoring and catch reporting on their own or as part of a structure monitoring program. DFO will work with harvesters to clarify monitoring requirements for each fishery and to foster cost-effective local technical capacity. This may include support for training and certification of First Nations and others as technicians and monitors.
Strategy 5: Integrated Compliance Management
Improve collaboration between Resource Managers, C&P and harvesters to achieve integrated compliance management.
The monitoring and catch reporting of fisheries requires effective and well supported high levels of compliance. C&P will strengthen its role in integrated management processes by providing leadership in collaborative processes with Resource Managers and harvesters to identify compliance targets for priority requirements, regulations and conditions of licences.
In addition, this collaborative approach will attempt to reach agreement on and improve understanding of the anticipated responses to non-compliance.
Regionally, C&P will continue to support the Monitoring and Compliance Panel in an effort to establish effective incentives for fostering harvester support of agreed fishery controls and information requirements. C&P will also reach out to harvesters with information and open dialogue about the fundamental importance of ensuring effective controls in support of desired changes in fisheries management.
Strategy 6: Continual improvement
Regular reviews will be conducted to update standards and monitoring and reporting programs and evaluate progress; as well, best management practices and new technologies will be identified.
Monitoring and reporting plans will be developed through the harvest advisory processes and in collaboration with First Nations. The plans and their requirements, in turn, will be included in IFMPs. Documentation of fishery-specific information requirements and monitoring standards, monitoring program details, and the duties and accountabilities of the various participants will be included.
Monitoring plans and requirements must be revised over time in response to natural shifts in the resource and ecosystems, changes in fishing power, the impact of management measures and other factors. The process of reviewing existing standards against the assessment criteria and developing monitoring and reporting programs and plans will be repeated periodically and revisions will be made, as needed. These regular reviews will also provide a means to communicate new policy priorities and evaluate overall success in improving the information required for sustainable management and other objectives.
To promote cost-effective, state-of-the-art monitoring and reporting, it is important to take advantage of best practices and new and emerging technologies for information gathering and management. A collaborative process such as the M&C Panel can be used to identify these opportunities. Additionally, the M&C Panel can have an ongoing role in looking for ways to coordinate efforts across fisheries and tracking region-wide progress on monitoring and reporting (Figure 2).
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