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2006

 

 

Information Document to Assist Development of a

 

Fraser Chinook

Management Plan

 

 

 


 


RECORD OF REVISIONS

 

Plan:   2006 Fraser River Chinook Information Document

 

Date last revised:      Monday, 13 March 2006

 

Version Number:        1 (this number will change if amendments are issued in-season)

 

 

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ADDITIONAL NOTES:


Table of Contents

 

1.   Introduction.. 1

2. Stock Assessment.. 2

1.     Test Fishing.. 2

2.     Overview of Fraser River chinook stocks. 4

3.     Lower Fraser River.. 5

A.     Stocks. 5

B.     Enhancement 6

C.    Stock Assessment 7

D.    Forecasts. 7

4.     Interior Fraser River.. 8

A.     Stocks. 8

B.     Enhancement 8

C.    Stock Assessment 8

D.    Stock Forecast 8

3.  Goals, Priorities and Constraints. 9

1.     Set escapement objectives. 9

2.     Identify management priorities. 9

A.     Conservation of the resource. 9

B.     Aboriginal fisheries for food, social and ceremonial purposes. 10

C.    International allocations. 10

D.    Canadian domestic allocations for commercial and recreational fisheries. 10

3.     Identify constraints. 11

4.     Wild Salmon Policy.. 12

4.  2005 Fishery Summaries. 12

1.     Aboriginal fisheries for food, social and ceremonial purposes. 13

2.     Commercial fisheries. 14

3.     Recreational fisheries. 15

5.     Catch monitoring.. 17

1.     Aboriginal Fisheries. 17

2.     Commercial Fisheries. 20

3.     Recreational Fisheries. 20

6.     Draft Fishing Plans. 21

Special concerns for 2006. 21

1.     Aboriginal.. 23

2.     Recreational.. 24

3.     Commercial.. 29

 


Table of Appendices

 

Appendix A: Albion Test Fishery.. 32

Appendix B: Chinook escapement estimates to tributaries in the lower Fraser River. 33

Appendix C: Chinook escapement estimates to tributaries in the BC Interior. 34

Appendix D: CTC Indicator Stocks. 39

Appendix E: 2005 Annual Summary of First Nations Fisheries Chinook catch by area in the Fraser River mainstem and tributaries. 42

Appendix F: Preliminary estimates of Canadian commercial catches of chinook salmon by gear type and area during the 2005 fishing season. 43

Appendix G: Recreational Catch Data - Georgia Strait Creel Survey.. 44

Appendix H: Preliminary 2005 Chinook Recreational Catches - Lower Fraser River Area. 45

Appendix I: Preliminary 2005 Chinook Recreational Catches – Upper Fraser River (1) 47

Appendix J: 2004-2005 WCVI Chinook Troll Fishery Preliminary Catch and Releases Estimates – Generated from the Department Fishery Operations System (FOS) 48

Appendix k: Salmon Endowment Fund.. 49

Appendix l: Additional Technical Information.. 50

Appendix m: DFO Contacts. 56

 

 

 

List of Tables

 

Table 1:  Interim Management Units for Fraser River Chinook salmon........ 5

Table 2:  2005 Fraser River First Nations Fishing Times........................................ 14

Table 3:  Freshwater Salmon Sport Fishing Regulations:  Region 2: Lower Mainland...................................................................................................................... 25

Table 4:  Freshwater Salmon Sport Fishing Opportunities:  Region 3: Thompson-Nicola...................................................................................................... 26

Table 5:  Freshwater Salmon Sport Fishing Opportunities:  Region 5a: Cariboo........................................................................................................................ .28

Table 6:  Freshwater Salmon Sport Fishing Opportunities:  Region 7: Omineca-Peace .......................................................................................................... .28

Table 7:  Freshwater Salmon Sport Fishing Opportunities:  Region 8: Okanagan..................................................................................................................... 29

 


1.   Introduction

 

Fraser River chinook salmon are an important part of the ecology of the Fraser River watershed.  They are the largest of the seven species of Pacific salmon (including steelhead and anadramous cutthroat) returning to the Fraser and have the widest distribution, with some stocks migrating distances over 900 km from the mouth to systems near the headwaters of the Fraser.  They have sustained First Nations for thousands of years, provide important recreational harvesting opportunities, and were an important part of the colonization of British Columbia and commercialization of the British Columbia fishing industry.

 

Chinook salmon spawn in numerous tributary systems throughout the Fraser watershed.  Once chinook fry emerge from the gravel in the spring following spawning, they spend up to one year in their natal system, although some stocks spend only a few weeks, before beginning their migration to the coast.  The smolts adapt to salt water in the Fraser River estuary then migrate into marine waters.  While the majority of Lower Fraser stocks rear off the south-west coast of Vancouver Island, coded wire tag (CWT) information has shown that Fraser River chinook salmon are found over a wide geographic area with many spring and summer run populations utilizing marine waters at least as far north as Southeast Alaska.

 

Some of the returning chinook begin to enter the Fraser River as early as February.  The maturing adults return to the Fraser River from February to November, primarily as three, four and five year old fish.  Spawning activity commences in early August for some systems and can last until mid-November or later for others.  Some watersheds have more than one population of chinook with different life history characteristics (e.g., run timing, time spent in freshwater, etc.).

 

Chinook salmon may undertake long ocean migrations and remain at sea feeding for a few years before maturing and returning to reproduce in their natal stream.  During these years, chinook salmon are subject to numerous fisheries, the cumulative effect of which has been the over-harvesting of many Pacific coast chinook stocks both in the United States and Canada.  In 1985, the Pacific Salmon Treaty (PST) was negotiated and ratified partly to address the issue of declining chinook stocks.  Under the Treaty, Canada and the United States agreed on a chinook conservation program (based on fixed catch ceilings in certain major mixed-stock ocean fisheries) to rebuild stocks from both countries by 1998.  This strategy was met with mixed success; some populations were slowly rebuilding, while others remained depressed.

 

A combination of reductions in directed fisheries and in incidental mortality resulting from reductions to fisheries targeting other co-migrating species has had a positive impact on most Fraser chinook stocks.  Recent average escapements have increased for most stock groups compared to the period prior to the signing of the Treaty.  However, some stocks in the spring-run age aggregate with early timing, including Birkenhead River, Coldwater River, Spius Creek, Westroad River and tributaries, and the Upper Chilcotin River remain at depressed levels.

 

2. Stock Assessment

 

1.     Test Fishing

Since 1981, Fisheries and Oceans Canada (DFO) has conducted a chinook test fishery at Albion, British Columbia (near Fort Langley) from early April to late-October.  The test fishery is conducted each year with a drifted gillnet at a specific site by the Albion ferry crossing in the Fraser River.

 

For each sampling event, two 30-minute sets are made daily just prior to and after daylight high tide.  The original net was 8-inch mesh, but beginning in 1997 a multi-panel net was used on alternate days.  The multi-panel net consisted of panels of five, six, seven, eight, and nine inch mesh, and was fished identically to the standard net.  The purpose of the multi-panel net was to provide a more accurate sample of the chinook stock assemblages passing the test fishing area by including both smaller and larger mesh panels.  Intuitively, we expected the catch in the multi-panel net to more fully represent the wide range of body sizes of Fraser River watershed chinook stocks.

 

Analysis of the 1997 to 2001 data was initiated in 2001.  The primary objective was to identify the new information the multi-panel net provided, particularly as it pertained to in-season management and stock assessment, and assess which net best indexed in-river chinook abundance.  The secondary objective of the analysis was to establish a relationship between the catch of the standard chinook and the multi-panel nets that provide uniform relative abundance estimates.  The study estimated population specific migration timing and aggregated population abundance indices by using DNA and CWT information to estimate the population origin of individual fish.  The analysis indicated that the test fishery adequately measured in-river abundance (Parken et al. 2004).

 

Due to concerns for the potential for excessive by-catch of some sockeye populations, a decision was made to utilize only the standard 8” net in 2003.  Utilizing the multi-panel net for only a portion of the year would have resulted in gaps in data collection that would have compromised subsequent analysis.

 

The operation of the test fishery in 2005 was the same as in 2004; alternate days fishing with the standard 8 inch mesh net and the multi-panel net that was reconfigured in 2004.  The total 2005 catch from both nets between April 1 and August 2 of 480 chinook (cumulative CPUE for 8" net Apr 1-Aug 2 = 56.28, adjusted for days the multi-panel net was fished) is the lowest in the 25 year history of the test fishery, including those years when only the 8" net was used.  The average chinook catch and CPUE in the test fishery for the period 1990-2005 is 1429 and 162.29, respectively.  The 2005 Albion test fishery results were an early indication of the very low escapements subsequently recorded for those chinook which migrate through the lower Fraser during the spring and early summer. Catch information from the Albion Test Fishery can be found in Appendix A or at:

http://www.pac.dfo-mpo.gc.ca/fraserriver/commercial.htm.

 

2.     Overview of Fraser River chinook stocks

Chinook salmon in the Fraser River are comprised of a large and complex group of spawning populations. For management purposes, they have historically been divided into four major geographical stock complexes and three timing groups based on their adult return entry timing into the lower Fraser River.

The geographical stock complexes are:

·                 upper Fraser,

·                 middle Fraser,

·                 Thompson River and its tributaries, and

·                 lower Fraser.

 

The timing groups are:

·                 spring-run (peak migration through the lower Fraser prior to July 15)

·                 summer-run (peak migration through the lower Fraser between July 15 and September 1), and

·                 late-run (migrate into the lower Fraser after September 1).

 

Recently, Fraser River chinook salmon stock composition was reviewed[1] (Candy et al. 2002: CSAS 2002/085) and DFO has moved toward five interim management units for Fraser River chinook based on genetic interrelationships, life history, productivity, and run-timing.  Life history is indicated by a number such as: 42.  The large number represents the total age of the fish from its deposition in the gravel as an egg, to its return to spawn.  The subscript number represents the number of winters the fish spent in freshwater during the juvenile stages of their life history.  Interim management units are outlined in Table 1.

 


Table 1:  Interim Management Units for Fraser River Chinook salmon

Management Unit

Sample Streams

Indicator Stock

Fraser spring-run

age 42

Bonaparte River, Bessette Creek, Coldwater River, Deadman River , Nicola River, and Spius Creek

Nicola River

Fraser spring-run

age 52

Birkenhead River, Chilcotin River, upper Chilcotin River, Westroad River, Cottonwood River, Elkin Creek, Horsefly River, upper Cariboo River, upper Pitt River, Fraser River mainstem tributaries above Prince George (Bowron, Willow, Slim, McGregor etc.), spring runs of North Thompson and Salmon River in South Thompson

Dome Creek

Fraser summer-run age 52

Chilko River, Quesnel River, Stuart River, Taseko, Lower Cariboo River, and the Clearwater River

Chilko River (proposed)

Fraser summer-run age 41

Lower Shuswap River, Mid Shuswap River, Lower Adams River, Little River, South Thompson River, Lower Thompson River (below Kamloops Lake), and Maria Slough

Lower Shuswap River

Fraser late-run

age 41

predominantly fish of Harrison River origin (those natural spawners returning to the Harrison River, and transplanted populations to the Chilliwack, Chehalis, and Stave Rivers)

Chilliwack River

 

Long term escapement trends for each management unit are illustrated in Appendix D.

 

3.     Lower Fraser River

A.              Stocks

Lower Fraser River chinook stocks are numerically dominated by the fall returning, white-flesh Harrison River stock group, also known as the Fraser late-run.  The Fraser late-run stock group includes the original natural population of fall returning chinook to the Harrison River, and transplanted Harrison origin populations returning to the Chilliwack, Chehalis, and Stave Rivers.  The Fraser late-run stock group is unusual in that upon fry emergence from the gravel they migrate immediately to the estuary where they rear for three to six weeks before moving offshore instead of staying one year in freshwater (ocean-type life history).

 

In addition to the late-run chinook populations there are also relatively small, unique populations of spring and summer-run chinook salmon returning to the lower Fraser River.  These can be either red or white-fleshed stocks that typically exhibit a stream-type life history (i.e., chinook fry that over-winter in fresh water and migrate to the ocean in their second spring).  Birkenhead, upper Pitt and spring and summer-run Chilliwack River populations are examples of this life history.  Chinook returning to Maria Slough are distinct in the lower Fraser River in that they exhibit a summer-run ocean-type life history pattern.  The Chilliwack River watershed has two or possibly three distinct stock groups: 1. a spring-run population that spawns above Chilliwack Lake in Dolly Varden Creek, 2. a summer-run population that spawns in the upper reaches of the lower Chilliwack River above Slesse Creek, and 3. the transplanted Harrison-origin late-run population that predominately spawns downstream of the Slesse Creek confluence.

B.              Enhancement

Harrison chinook were transplanted to the Chilliwack River in the early 1980’s, and this population is now sustained by returns to the Chilliwack River and the enhancement work of the Chilliwack hatchery.  Records indicate escapement of the spring and summer-run populations to be significantly smaller than the late-run population.  Both the spring and summer-run populations in the Chilliwack River may have mixed populations with transplanted mid-Fraser stocks.  From 1985 to 1988, mid/upper Fraser summer-run red-fleshed chinook were transplanted from Bowron, Slim, Finn, Chilko & Quesnel stocks.  Some upper Pitt summer-run white-fleshed chinook were transplanted between 1981 and 1985.  These were reportedly transplanted to bolster a weak natural summer-run to re-establish a recreational fishery during the June to early August period.

 

Mid-Fraser stocks have also been transplanted to the Chehalis River to replace an early timed, red-fleshed population that returned to the upper Chehalis until the early 1980’s.  The Chehalis River historically had a spring/summer-run red-fleshed chinook population that was enhanced in the late eighties with summer-run red-fleshed populations from Slim Creek and Chilliwack River.  This population arrives on the spawning grounds in late June to July and peak of spawn usually occurs from late August to early September.

 

The Birkenhead Hatchery on the Birkenhead River was established in 1977.  The hatchery suffered devastating damage in the flood of the fall of 2003 and is now closed.  This volunteer-run hatchery was operated by the Pemberton Wildlife Association (PWA) and enhanced both chinook and coho.  Coho eggs were used for the ‘Salmon in the Classroom’ program for schools in D'Arcy, Pemberton and Whistler.  The impact of the hatchery closure is unknown.  However, historical CWT tag returns indicated 15 - 25% contribution of enhanced chinook to the run.  This is very significant during the very low return years, when even a small percentage, made a positive difference.

C.              Stock Assessment

Assessment of the lower Fraser River chinook spawning stocks rely on visual surveys, a mark-recapture project, and the coded-wire tagging of hatchery production.

 

The Harrison River is the only lower Fraser River system where a chinook mark-recapture study is employed to estimate spawner abundance.  This mark-recapture project has been conducted annually since 1984.  Since 1985, the Fraser-late run component returning to the Chilliwack River population has been estimated with an extensive deadpitch program.  Additionally, in certain years, visual surveys of a suite of smaller stocks including Birkenhead and upper Pitt Rivers, as well as Maria Slough provide some information on escapements to these systems.

D.              Forecasts

Forecasts of the next year’s expected escapement of Fraser late-run (Harrison and Chilliwack Rivers) chinook are developed for use in the Chinook Technical Committee’s coastwide modeling work.  This is the only stock group in the lower Fraser River, and only one of two Canadian chinook stocks, for which a forecast is calculated. 

 

A forecast for 2006 is not available at this time, but will be by mid to late March.  Forecasts are not adjusted in-season since very little information is available upon which to make such changes.

 

4.     Interior Fraser River

A.    Stocks

Chinook salmon in the interior Fraser River (above Hope) comprise a large and complex group of spawning populations.  Interior Fraser chinook have historically been divided into three major geographical regions:

·                 the upper Fraser  (those returning upstream of Prince George and including Nechako),

·                 middle Fraser (downstream of Prince George but excluding the Thompson), and the

·                 Thompson (which are divided into lower Thompson/Nicola, North Thompson, and South Thompson/Shuswap).

Within these regions, two migration times are recognized: early or spring-run, and summer-run.

B.    Enhancement

Since the early 1980’s, the main hatcheries enhancing upper Fraser River chinook have been the Eagle, Shuswap, Clearwater, and Spius (all Thompson); the Quesnel (mid-Fraser); and Stuart (upper Fraser).  Since the early 1990’s, the Clearwater, Eagle, Quesnel, and Stuart facilities have been closed.  Some enhancement still occurs throughout the watershed, mostly linked to stock assessment and the production of coded-wire tag mark groups.  Overall, enhancement is thought to have a relatively small effect on the total number of chinook returning to the interior Fraser although the effects on certain watersheds may be significant (e.g., Nicola watershed enhanced by Spius hatchery and Shuswap stocks from the Shuswap hatchery).  Interior Fraser chinook escapement data are in Appendix C.

C.    Stock Assessment

Assessment of these large stock aggregates is largely formed by annual estimates of escapement by aerial surveys, mark-recapture (Nicola River, Louis Creek, and lower Shuswap River), and electronic counter (Deadman River).  Trends in these spawning escapements are used to assess stock status.

D.    Stock Forecast

Quantitative forecasts are not prepared for this large group of chinook salmon populations.

 

Additional technical information on the Pacific Salmon Treaty, Harrison chinook, stock assessment, and forecasting can be found in Appendix L.

 

3.  Goals, Priorities and Constraints

 

The establishment of Fraser River escapement goals, management priorities and fishing constraints follow the general process outlined below:

 

1.   Set escapement objectives 

 

The escapement goals currently being used were set following negotiation of the original Pacific Salmon Treaty in 1986.  While there were a variety of methodologies that could have been used to determine escapement goals, it was agreed to establish the goals at twice the average escapement observed during the period 1979 to 1982.  This strategy was to be used until 1998 at which time the goals were to be reviewed.  Scientists are now evaluating current information and discussions have commenced regarding alternative approaches to establishing escapement goals.  While the current goals will not be modified for 2006, the review of the goals and discussion of alternate methods will continue.

 

More information on setting future escapement goals for Fraser River chinook populations can be found in Appendix L

 

2.   Identify management priorities

 

Fisheries are managed to the following set of ordered priorities:

A.    Conservation of the resource

Since 1985, Canada has based its fisheries management on a rebuilding strategy.  Total exploitation rates on a brood year were reduced from past high levels in the range of 75% - 85%.  The minimum requirement of the Pacific Salmon Treaty (1985) was a 15% reduction in total exploitation of the four indicator stocks identified at that time.  This was in addition to domestic measures already in place, such as the closure of the terminal Fraser River commercial gillnet fishery, and measures required in pass-through fisheries to protect specific stocks.  Amendments to the PST negotiated in 1999 resulted in further initiatives to rebuild coastal Chinook stocks (including Fraser Chinook) through implementation of an Aggregate Abundance Based Management (AABM) system.  Allowable harvest levels for chinook salmon are now determined through an assessment of overall chinook abundance on a coast wide basis versus management based on a fixed quota approach.

 

Fisheries openings and closures are designed to fulfil conservation requirements first.  Fishing times are adjusted to achieve this requirement, as information regarding run size, harvest rates, and escapement becomes available.

B.    Aboriginal fisheries for food, social and ceremonial purposes

Consultations are on going between Resource Management staff and First Nations, both within the Fraser River Watershed and outside the Watershed.  Fishery plans are based upon stock conservation requirements and needs indicated by all Fraser River First Nations.

C.    International allocations

Pre-season fishing plans are formally discussed in bilateral meetings with the United States within the framework of the Pacific Salmon Commission.

D.    Canadian domestic allocations for commercial and recreational fisheries

Commercial Fisheries:  Only very limited directed commercial net fisheries (i.e., 2004 Area E gillnet exploratory fishery) have occurred within the Fraser River since 1980.  Because of the wide distribution of chinook in the marine areas, Fraser stocks are taken in commercial troll fisheries in Alaska and British Columbia and to a lesser extent as by-catch in some commercial net fisheries (i.e. Fraser River sockeye and chum fisheries).  During the last seven years, a mandatory non-retention requirement in all South Coast seine fisheries has significantly reduced chinook mortalities.  Over the past few years the majority of the Fraser River commercial chinook catch has been taken in the Area F commercial troll fishery in northern B.C. waters.  Late run chinook stocks are also harvested in the Area G commercial troll fishery off the west coast of Vancouver Island.

 

Recreational Fisheries (Tidal and Non-Tidal):  The marine waters off the Pacific coast of British Columbia are generally open for harvest of chinook salmon year round.  Recreational harvest is constrained using daily and annual limits.  In tidal waters the annual limit is 30 chinook of which only 15 chinook may be taken from Areas 28 and 29.  In non-tidal waters there is an annual limit of 10 chinook.  Daily limits are two per day in most tidal waters and range from one to two adults per day in most non-tidal waters.  Recreational harvest is further constrained using minimum size limits (minimum size limit 45 cm coast wide with the exception of a 62 cm size limit in Johnstone Strait, the Strait of Georgia and the Fraser River mouth), slot limits, reduced daily quotas and closed areas.  Closed areas may be closed year-round or closed seasonally depending on local stocks.  The majority of Fraser River chinook caught in recreational fisheries are late returning Harrison origin fish.

 

Details on recreational chinook opportunities may be found online at: 

      http://www.pac.dfo-mpo.gc.ca/recfish/default_e.htm

 

3.   Identify constraints

Since 1985, the impact of all Canadian and U.S. fisheries on Pacific chinook stocks has been substantially reduced in accordance with the rebuilding program specified in the Pacific Salmon Treaty.  Relative to the pre-Treaty situation (1984 and earlier) Alaskan and Canadian ocean catches in highly mixed stock harvesting areas are lower as they are now controlled by a ceiling or maximum catch level based on an estimate of aggregate abundance.  In response to declining returns, now partially attributed to declining ocean survival, Canada implemented a major reduction in this ceiling in 1995.  Alaska has not yet implemented an equivalent ceiling reduction. Information on Alaska commercial salmon harvests can be found at: http://www.cf.adfg.state.ak.us/geninfo/finfish/salmon/salmhome.php.  

 

In 1995, Canada reduced its harvest rate by approximately 50% on West Coast Vancouver Island stocks and implemented substantially larger closures on recreational and commercial fisheries.  With the signing of the renewed Treaty in 1999, management ceilings in several marine fisheries were replaced by an abundance based management regime.  This had the result of further reducing chinook harvest in the mixed-stock ocean fisheries.

 

Many, but not all Fraser River chinook stocks seem to have responded positively to management actions implemented as a result of the treaty and additional management actions taken in Canada.

 

4.   Wild Salmon Policy

 

On June 24th, 2005, Geoff Regan, Minister of Fisheries and Oceans, announced adoption of the Wild Salmon Policy and committed $1.1 million to its implementation and related salmon science.

 

The policy, released as a living document, defines a new approach to salmon conservation in the Pacific Region.  It advances the Government of Canada’s agenda for reform of Pacific fisheries.  The policy responds to feedback received from significant consultation.  After the December 2004 draft was made available, DFO listened to feedback received at information sessions with First Nations and other interested parties as well as at a multi-interest dialogue forum March 2-3, 2005.  The Department also received 246 written submissions.  After considering this input, DFO presented a revised policy to a First Nations forum on April 29 and a multi-interest forum on April 30, 2005.  The policy was then finalized.

 

The policy and consultation details can be found on the DFO website, at:

http://www-comm.pac.dfo-mpo.gc.ca/pages/consultations/wsp/default_e.htm.

 

 

4.  2005 Fishery Summaries

 

Fraser River chinook migrating along northern (Johnstone Strait) and southern (Juan de Fuca Strait) approach routes to the Fraser River are harvested in a number of fisheries.  These fish are taken as by-catch in sockeye net fisheries (seine and gillnet) in Johnstone Strait, Juan de Fuca Strait, Fraser River and Alaska.  In addition, there are directed fisheries for chinook by WCVI, North Coast and Alaska troll fisheries.

 

The principal U.S. fisheries harvesting Fraser River chinook are the net fisheries in Juan de Fuca Strait, the San Juan Islands area, and off Point Roberts.  The Fraser chinook catch taken in Southeast Alaska is unknown but thought to be smaller.

 

Chinook are also harvested in Aboriginal food fisheries and recreational fisheries throughout the Fraser watershed.

 

1.     Aboriginal fisheries for food, social and ceremonial purposes

First Nations both in and outside the Fraser River are provided with an opportunity to harvest Fraser chinook.  The number of fishing days is dependent upon the conservation needs of chinook stocks and other species, such as sockeye, steelhead and coho.  Reductions or alterations to the agreed upon fishing pattern are subject to ensuring escapement requirements are met.

 

Once sockeye enter the Fraser River, management actions are driven by considerations for those stocks and chinook are taken as by-catch.  Conservation concerns for steelhead and coho salmon have resulted in net fisheries being curtailed from early September to mid October in recent years.

 

Stock ID information indicates that those fish entering the river from February to July 15 are bound for tributary systems in the lower Thompson basin, the middle and upper Fraser basins, as well as the Birkenhead River in the Harrison River system.  These stocks are understood to have a low productivity and individual stocks range in size from 100 to > 10,000 spawners.

 

Pre-season consultations with Lower Fraser First Nations resulted in an agreed to fishing regime that was designed to reduce the impacts on the earliest timed chinook stocks.  This was accomplished by reductions in fishing times from those set the previous year for Lower Fraser First Nations.

 


Table 2:  2005 Fraser River First Nations Fishing Times:

Area and Gear

Dates

Hours per Week 

Mouth to Pt Mann Bridge-drift net

13-Mar

14 hours

(Musqueam and Tsawwassen)

March 20-April 10

24 hours per week

 

April 17 - 24

36 hours per week

 

May 1 - June 26

48 hours per week

(Kwikwetlem)

April 30 – May 15

24 hours per week

 

May 21 to June 27

48 hours per week

Pt Mann Bridge to Mission Bridge- drift net

March 13-April 10

10 hours per week

 

April 17-June 26

12 hours per week

Pt Mann Bridge to Sawmill Creek- set net

March 13-April 10

24 hours per week

(Lower Fraser Groups-Friday to Sunday)

April 16-June 27

48 hours per week

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Sawmill Creek to Texas Creek and

March 30-May 29

4 days per week

the Thompson River – set net

May 29-July 3

7 days week

 

July 3-July 31

7 days per week (Selective)

 

July 31-Sept. 20

7 days per week

Texas Creek to Deadman Creek – set net

March 30-April 3

4 days per week

 

April 3-July 3

7 days per week

 

July 3-July 31

7 days per week (Selective)

 

July 31-Sept. 27

7 days per week

Deadman Creek upstream – set net

April 01- June 20

Closed **

 

June 20 - July 3

7 days per week

 

July 3-July 31

7 days per week (Selective)

 

July 31-Sept. 27

7 days per week

 

 

 

A table of catches for 2005 can be found in Appendix E.

**  Little interest by FN’s to fish as few Chinook in this area until after June 20

 

2.         Commercial fisheries

With the exception of a very limited exploratory gillnet fishery directed on chinook salmon within the lower Fraser River in 2004, directed gillnet fisheries for chinook within the Fraser River have been closed since 1980 in order to rebuild stocks.  By-catches of chinook are permitted during the in-river commercial gillnet sockeye fishery (July and August) and chum fishery (October and November).

 

In 2004, the Area E gillnet fleet conducted an exploratory chinook fishery to target anticipated good returns of summer run chinook stocks (ref:  Section 3 for fishery details).  Plans to continue this project in 2005 were cancelled due to lack of available by-catch of sockeye salmon. For the 2006 season a similar initiative to that employed in 2004 is being considered and details will be finalized pending further consultations.

 

A table of all Canadian commercial catches of chinook can be found in Appendix F.

 

3.         Recreational fisheries

Historically, the recreational fishery in the Fraser River was open year-round with a daily limit of 4 chinook with no annual limit.  In 1980, the fishery was closed to assist in rebuilding chinook stocks.  When the fishery re-opened in the lower Fraser River area, it started June 1st with a daily limit of 1 adult chinook and an annual limit of 10 adult chinook.  An adult chinook is defined as a chinook over 50 cm in length.  In 1998, the recreational Chinook fishery was opened on May 1 based on an assessment that the additional fishing time and associated catch and effort would not compromise long term sustainability of Fraser Chinook stocks.

 

In 2005, the recreational fishery opened May 1st.  For 2005 catches, see Appendix H.

 

4.         Selective Fishing

The objective of the selective fishing policy is to ensure that selective fishing technology and practices are adopted where appropriate in all fisheries in the Pacific Region, and that there are continuing improvements in harvesting gear and related practices.

 

Selective fishing is a required element of conservation-based fisheries.  In meeting conservation objectives, fishing opportunities and resource allocations will be shaped by the ability of all harvesters – First Nations, commercial and recreational anglers – to fish selectively.  Two selective fishery projects were implemented in 2004:  Area E Chinook Exploratory Fishery, and Area H Chinook Sampling Program.

 

5.     Area H Chinook Sampling Program

 

The Area H chinook sampling program was designed to determine stock composition in a variety of areas during different time periods.  This project has been reduced to focus on the more abundant stocks in the Fraser River (i.e. South Thompson and Harrison origin) to gather chinook stock composition through DNA sampling, to confirm the impacts on by-catch while determining the viability of troll harvest in the terminal area of the Fraser River.  All sampling and analysis is funded by Area H.  The data generated can then be used in future discussions and consultations regarding the possibility for a limited catch controlled fishery when and if stocks and access policy warrant. A summary of the activity and results to date follows:

 

Time and Area: February 2004, Upper and Lower Strait of Georgia

 

Areas 14 and 15

Areas 17, 18 and 29-5

Note:  Samples also obtained from a DFO science project (sea lice) that saw a collection of about 70 samples from Area 14, 1-2 weeks prior to this project.

 

Results:

154 samples analysed and paid for by Area H

Upper SoG result 113 samples: 82% East Coast V.I.; 17% Puget Snd; 1% Other

Lower SoG result: 41 samples:  60% East Coast V.I.; 35.5%Puget Snd; 2.5% Upper Fraser; 2% Other

 

Time and Area: April/May 2004, Lower Knight Inlet (Area 12)

Note: 2 very experienced harvesters,  with good conditions and lots of feed showing raises some concern for the low stock abundance in this area

 

Time and Area: September 2004 past the peak of the Harrison/Chilliwack run, Area 29

Note: Some loss due to seals and all Chinook appeared to have white flesh

 

Results:

98-99% Lower Fraser Chinook (Harrison, Chilliwack, Stave)

20 of 21 sampled had at least a 99% chance of being Harrison, Chilliwack or Stave stocks.

 

In 2005 a project was proposed and ready to implement if the in-season stock indicators showed a significant improvement from the weak early season stock test results at Albion.  When the project was reduced in size and co-management funding was not obtained during the sockeye season this project was cancelled for 2005.  Area H are planning to propose this project again in 2006.

 

 

5.   Catch monitoring

 

For the responsible management of all fisheries, the Department needs to have effective catch monitoring programs in place in areas where the level of fishing activity has the potential to significantly impact management objectives.  Although in-season run size estimates are not provided, a defensible catch estimate along with spawning ground escapements are necessary for management of these stocks.

 

Following is a listing of catch monitoring activities in the Fraser River area in 2005.

 

1.     Aboriginal Fisheries

All First Nation’s fisheries are authorized by communal licence.  The majority of areas have catch monitoring systems in place.  In areas where there is not a specific catch monitoring program, the fisher is required by licence to report his/her catch to the band and the band to report to DFO.

 

Areas where specific catch reporting programs have been implemented include:

 

a)     Below the Port Mann Bridge

During fisheries for food, societal and ceremonial purposes, catch monitoring is undertaken by Aboriginal Fishery Officers who collect hail information from the fishers.

 

b)      Port Mann Bridge to Sawmill Creek

i)  Set net and drift net fishery between Port Mann Bridge and Mission:

Charter Patrolmen patrol the Katzie, Kwantlen and Matsqui drift net fisheries.  Monitors collect hails as well, at Katzie Reserve Dock, Barnston Island and the Kwantlen Reserve Dock at Fort Langley.  Set net fishers hail in their data by phone to band fisheries offices.

 

ii)  Set net and drift net fishery between Mission and Sawmill Creek:

Monitors are stationed at main access points on the river during daylight hours, every day that the fishery is open to collect catch per unit effort (CPUE) and 24-hour effort surveys.  Sites include: Lakahahmen, Island 22/Kilby, Skway, Scowlitz, Seabird, Agassiz Bridge, Hunter Creek, Chawathil Reserve, Coquihalla, and Yale Beach.  A supervisor co-ordinates and stations the monitors at their sites, and ensures that they have the necessary data collection equipment.

 

Helicopter over flights are used to conduct instantaneous gear counts between the Port Mann Bridge and Sawmill Creek.  These over flights are conducted once during the fishery and require one flight technician on each flight.

 

Data collection sheets are gathered from each of the monitors at the various monitoring sites and provided to DFO.  Once all the CPUE and effort data is gathered the information is entered into a computerized statistical analysis program that generates weekly catch estimates.

 

c)     Sawmill Creek to Kelly Creek and the Thompson River downstream of the Bonaparte River, Kelly Creek upstream to Deadman Creek and Deadman Creek to Naver Creek

A sample survey program during FN directed chinook fisheries is conducted by FNs /DFO staff along the Fraser River between Sawmill Creek and Kelly Creek and in the Thompson River downstream of the Bonaparte River confluence. Fishery Technicians interview all fishers encountered during random roving vehicle patrols to obtain catch and effort information (CPUE).  Total fishing effort is obtained by averaging the count of active nets or hook & line gear observed during a given week.

 

No catch monitoring program was undertaken in the main stem Fraser River from Kelly Creek upstream to Deadman Creek during directed First Nation chinook fisheries in this area.  Catch and effort in directed chinook fisheries in this area is extremely small.  Catch monitoring is undertaken by members of the High Bar Indian Band when sockeye fisheries occur in this area.  Chinook caught incidentally in fisheries directed on sockeye salmon are enumerated.

 

Very limited First Nation fisheries directed on chinook salmon occur in the main stem Fraser River from Deadman Creek to Naver Creek.  Accordingly, no monitoring program is in place to monitor catch in directed chinook fisheries. Monitoring occurs during directed sockeye fisheries in this area and chinook harvested incidentally to directed sockeye fisheries are enumerated.

 

d)    Naver Creek upstream and the Nechako River to Isle Pierre

Lheidli T’enneh Nation monitor each of the fisheries via collecting hail information from the fishers.

 

e)    Nechako River upstream of Isle Pierre and the Stuart System

Lheidli T’enneh Nation monitor each of the fisheries via collecting hail information from the fishers.

 

f)     Thompson River upstream of the Bonaparte River

The Secwepemc (Shuswap) Nation Fisheries Commission monitor each of the fisheries on a census basis utilizing staff from their individual member bands.

 

g)    Shuswap River (Shuswap Falls to Mabel Lake)

The Okanagan Nation Alliance monitor their fisheries on a census basis utilizing staff from their individual member bands.

 

2.     Commercial Fisheries

Commercial catch data for the salmon fishery is primarily from fish slips and on board observers.  Fish slips are required when fish are sold, offloaded or taken home for personal consumption.  The number and weight of each salmon species landed and/or sold are required on the slip.  A new survey designed to estimate catch and effort by in-river fisheries by area and time of day was implemented in 1998.  The survey includes the following: on the ground observations; hails; over flights; mandatory phone catch reporting requirements; log book submissions; and point of offloading sampling.

 

DFO obtains further information about salmon average weight data through a Mark Recovery Program (MRP).  This program involves collecting salmon heads from adipose fin clipped fish from commercial and recreational landings.  While the samplers are at a plant, they also collect individual salmon weights to contribute to the average weight estimate.  An average weight estimate is obtained by species, and gear, MRP catch region and fishing period (week).  The average weight is used to calculate pieces from the total weight reported on the fish slips.  The 2004-2005 WCVI chinook troll fishery catch and releases are given in Appendix J.

 

3.     Recreational Fisheries

DFO obtains most of its catch information through the Creel Survey Program which is carried out in recreational fisheries that have displayed significant catch and effort characteristics in past years.  This program incorporates surveys by land (access point and roving surveys) and air of active fishermen.  In 2005, the lower Fraser was surveyed between Sumas and Hope from May 1st to September 7th, and the Chilliwack River was surveyed from September 15th to November 15th.  While Nicomen Slough and Norrish Creek were surveyed from October 8st to November 30th, anglers were not allowed to retain chinook in these systems.  Chinook salmon recreational openings in specific sections of the Fraser River upstream of Sawmill Creek , the Bridge River, the lower Shuswap River, Mabel Lake and the Thompson River at Spences Bridge were also surveyed during their open times.  Preliminary catch numbers are available in Appendixes G, H, and I.

 

6.   Draft Fishing Plans

 

Special concerns for 2006

Survival rates for many stocks of chinook salmon in the Pacific Northwest are substantially lower than they were in the 1980’s.  Continuing to be of particular concern are some of the earliest returning populations of the spring-run age 52 and spring-run age 42 chinook aggregates referred to as early-timed chinook populations (e.g. Birkenhead River, Coldwater River, Spius Creek and Upper Chilcotin River).  Many summer-run age 52 and summer-run age 41 populations have increased in recent years while escapement estimates of the four early-timed populations tend to display an erratic trend.  While the status of the spring-run age 42 and spring-run age 52 aggregates are uncertain, the escapements to the four selected early timed populations within this aggregate were very low in 2005 and there is an increasing likelihood that conservation concerns may develop if these populations continue to display very low escapements in upcoming years.[2].

 

A review of the status of 4 early timed stocks within the Fraser River spring run chinook aggregate (i.e., Upper Chilcotin, Coldwater, Spius, Birkenhead) was undertaken by the Pacific Scientific Advice Review Committee (PSARC) in 2001.  Recommendations resulting from this review were to manage Canadian domestic chinook fisheries up to the end of April each year in a manner that would not exceed an exploitation rate of 33% on these four stocks.

 

Migration characteristics of these stocks do not coincide with periods of heavy fishing activity throughout most of their migratory route.  These stocks are usually not affected by adverse weather conditions (high water, high water temperature) but have been found to display low productivity.  Review of recent data suggests that the First Nation fishery in the lower Fraser River exerts the highest harvest rate on these early timed chinook stocks (Bailey et al. CSAS 2001/134).

 

The Department has been managing the spring timed chinook stocks (which includes the early timed component of this stock aggregate) using a fishing plan that has been reasonably consistent for years 2001 to 2005.  Catches and associated harvest rates have varied during this time period but there is potential for significant increases in harvest rate on an annual basis if in-river fishing conditions result in improved catching efficiency of fishing gear.

 

Some lower Fraser First Nations  expressed the desire to change their method of fishing from set gill nets to drift gill nets.  The Department considered these requests and authorized drift net fishing in the waters located between the Mission Bridge and Sawmill Creek in the spring of 2005.   A study was undertaken to compare the cumulative effects of set nets versus drift nets in the area.  The results of the study will be made public soon.  It must be recognized that mobile and larger nets have potential to increase normal rates of catch and harvest rates may increase accordingly.  Fishing plans for the entire area need to be coordinated to ensure that increased impacts do not result in an increased harvest rate on early timed chinook stocks.  In addition the harvest rate impact of providing separate fishing times for First Nation groups in the lower Fraser canyon area will be reviewed to determine if this management approach is consistent with recommendations provided by the Pacific Scientific Advice Review Committee (PSARC) regarding management of early timed Fraser chinook stocks.  These recommendations state that the fishery exploitation rate in chinook fisheries conducted to the end of April on  early timed stocks should not exceed 33%.

 

The Department of Fisheries and Oceans (DFO) will also be discussing with Fraser First Nations and the South Coast SFAB, a Fraser River early chinook management concept referred to as the ‘traffic light’ management system.  This proposed system is intended to develop a more transparent and consistent approach to managing Fraser River early timed chinook stocks in a manner that will ensure long term sustainability of these stocks of concern.  Decisions with respect to implementation of the ‘traffic light’ management system will be made prior to the 2007 fishing season.  The ‘traffic light’ management approach will not be implemented in its entirety during the 2006 fishing season.

 

As of March 01, 2006, lower, middle Fraser and Thompson River watershed snow pack levels were tracking at near normal levels as determined by monitoring stations in these areas.  The upper Fraser snow pack conditions are tracking below normal at this time. Further updates on this topic can be found at the following web address:  http://www.env.gov.bc.ca/rfc/

 

1.     Aboriginal

The primary objective in developing 2006 fishing plans will be to ensure protection for the early timed chinook stock components of the Fraser chinook spring stock aggregate, wild steelhead stocks, and Interior Fraser and Thompson coho stocks.  The objective of the 2006 harvest strategy for early season First Nations fisheries is to provide access to First Nations for food, social & ceremonial needs while addressing fishery exploitation rate concerns on early timed Fraser chinook stocks.

 

The following management approaches are presented for consideration:

 

·                 2006 chinook allocations are agreed to with all and /or some Fraser First Nations and commensurate catch monitoring programs are put in place to ensure harvests do not exceed agreed to allocations.

·                 Develop a fishing plan that is consistent with advice provided by the Pacific Scientific Advice Review Committee (PSARC) regarding exploitation rate guidelines for the early timed component of the Fraser River spring Chinook stock aggregate.

 

The Department also encourages discussion among Fraser River First Nation groups in the watershed in the development of fishing plans.  Improved coordination in the development of  a Fraser River watershed chinook fishing plan for First Nations will assist with addressing conservation concerns for early timed Fraser chinook.

 

2.         Recreational

For 2006, the Department will be consulting on the following:

·                 Fraser River downstream of the Alexandria Bridge: chinook retention from May 1 to December 31.

·                 The daily limit is 4 chinook, only one of which may be over 50 cm.  The possession limit is two times the daily limit .  The gear permitted is one line per angler, with a single, barbless hook restriction in place.  A bar rig is also permitted but only in those waters downstream of the Mission Bridge.

 

The following tables outline proposed tidal and non tidal recreational chinook opportunities in the Strait of Georgia and Fraser River watershed for the 2006 fishing season:

 


Table 3:  Freshwater Salmon Sport Fishing Regulations:  Region 2: Lower Mainland

 

1.      Unless otherwise stated in the table, the daily limit in all waters of Region 2 is zero (0).

2.      The aggregate daily limit for all species of Pacific salmon (other than kokanee) from tidal and non-tidal waters combined is four (4).

3.      All retained coho must measure 25 cm or more from tip of nose to tail fork, and all retained chinook, chum, pink, and sockeye must measure 30 cm or more from tip of nose to tail fork.

4.      A single barbless hook is in effect year round for all streams in Region 2.

5.      There is an annual limit of 10 adult chinook.  All retained adult chinook must be recorded on the back of your freshwater angling licence.  An "adult chinook" in Region 2 is defined as being over 50 cm except in the following areas where an “adult chinook” is defined as being over 62 cm: 

a)         the Fraser River between the CPR bridge at Mission to the powerline crossing approximately 1 km above the Aggasiz/Rosedale bridge from Sep 01 - Dec 31,

b)        the Chilliwack/Vedder River below Slesse Creek and the Sumas River below the Barrow Town Pump station from Jul 01 - Dec 31,

c)        the Capilano River.

 

WATERS

SPECIFIC AREA

SPECIES

DATES

LIMITS / GEAR

Chehalis River

From the logging bridge 2.4 km below Chehalis Lake to the confluence of the Harrison/Chehalis Rivers, including tributaries to that part

All

Sep 01-Dec 31

Daylight hours only.

Chinook

Jan 01-May 31

No fishing for chinook.

Jun 01-Aug 10

4 per day, only 1 over 50 cm.

Aug 11-Sep 15

No fishing for chinook.

Sep 16-Dec 31

4 per day, only 1 over 62 cm.

Chilliwack/Vedder River (including Sumas River)

Downstream from Slesse Creek including that portion of the Sumas River from the Barrow Town Pump Station downstream to boundary signs near the confluence with the Fraser River

All

Sep 01-Dec 31

Daylight hours only.

Chinook

Jul 01-Mar 31

4 per day, only 1 over 62 cm.

Dewdney Slough - See Nicomen Slough

Fraser River

Salmon closures are being considered from early September to mid-October to protect co-migrating Upper Fraser and Thompson River coho.  Please contact your local DFO office for details.

From the downstream side of the CPR Bridge at Mission upstream to the Alexandria bridge, except Landstrom Bar (described below) which is closed to all angling from May 1 to Oct. 31.

All

Jul 01-Dec 31

Daylight hours only.

Chinook

May 1-Dec 31

4 per day, only 1 over 50 cm.

Landstrom Bar is those waters of the Fraser River inside a line beginning at a fishing boundary sign on the eastern end of Landstrom Bar, then to a fishing boundary sign on the opposite bank, then to a fishing boundary sign at the southern end of Croft Island, then westerly to a fishing boundary sign on the nearest bank of the river, then following the river bank to the beginning point.

Harrison River

From the Highway 7 bridge to the confluence with the Fraser River

All

Jul 01-Dec 31

Daylight hours only.

Chinook

Sep 01-Dec 31

4 per day, 1 over 50 cm

Pitt River

Upper and Lower, including tributaries

Chinook

Jan 01-Dec 31

No fishing for chinook.

Stave River

Downstream of B.C. Hydro Dam to the CPR Railway Bridge

Chinook

Jan 01-Dec 31

1 per day.

Sumas River - See Chilliwack River

Vedder River - See Chilliwack River

Table 4:  Freshwater Salmon Sport Fishing Opportunities:  Region 3: Thompson-Nicola

 

1.      Unless otherwise stated in the table, the daily limit in all waters of Region 3 is zero (0).

2.      The aggregate daily limit for all species of Pacific salmon (other than kokanee) from tidal and non-tidal waters combined is four (4).

3.      A single barbless hook is in effect year round for all streams in Region 3.

4.      There is an annual limit of 10 adult chinook.  All retained chinook must be recorded on the back of your freshwater angling licence.  An "adult chinook" in Region 3 is defined as being over 50 cm.

 

WATERS

SPECIFIC AREA

SPECIES

DATES

LIMITS/GEAR

Bridge River

Downstream from Road 40 bridge to the confluence of the Fraser River (see also Fraser River opportunity).

Chinook

Jun 21- Jul 14 Sun, Mon, Tue, Wed, Thur only 06:00 to 21:00 hours daily.

4 per day, only 1 over 50cm.

Clearwater River

From Clearwater Lake downstream to the confluence of the North Thompson River (except CLOSED from Murtle River downstream to 35km post from Aug 16 - 31 to protect Mahood R. chinook). 

Chinook

Aug 1-Aug 31

4 per day, only 2 over 50cm.  Monthly quota is 4 over 50cm (includes adult chinook caught and retained from North Thompson River).

Fraser River

Main stem of the Fraser R. in Region 3 except for that portion of the Fraser R. described below

Chinook

Apr 1-Sep 17

4 per day, none over 50cm.

From the confluence of the Seton River and the Fraser River, downstream to the BC Hydro turbine generator tailrace located approximately 1 km downstream of the town of Lillooet.

Chinook

Jul 1-Sep 07

4 per day, only 1 over 50cm.

From the confluence with the Bridge River downstream to the BC Railway bridge, 2 km north of Lillooet (see also Bridge River opportunity).

Chinook

Jun 21-Jul 14 Sun, Mon, Tue, Wed, Thur only 0:600 to 21:00 hours daily.

4 per day, only 1 over 50cm.

Little Shuswap Lake - See South Thompson River

North Thompson River

Downstream of Station Road Bridge in Clearwater to the Ferry crossing at Little Fort.

Chinook

Aug 1-Aug 31

4 per day, only 2 over 50cm.  Monthly quota is 4 over 50cm (includes adult chinook caught and retained from Clearwater River)

Main stem river.

Chinook

Sep 1-Sep 22

4 per day none over 50 cm (retention of jack chinook only).

South Thompson River

From the green can buoy near outlet of Little River to 100m downstream of Campbell Creek.

Chinook

Aug 5-Sep 22

4 per day, only 2 over 50 cm. Monthly quotas are 6 over 50cm.

Thompson River

From Kamloops Lake downstream to the confluence with the Fraser River.

Chinook

Jun 1-Sep 21

4 per day, none over 50cm (retention of jack chinook only) See exceptions below

From the upstream side of the mouth of the Nicola River downstream to the Hwy 8 bridge at Spences Bridge.

Chinook

July 22 to August 14.  Sat, Sun, Mon only, 06:00 to 21:00 hours only.

4 per day, only 1 over 50cm.  Environmental conditions in Nicola River may result in closure. Check with your local DFO office for updates.

From confluence with Bonaparte River to boundary sign approximately 1 km downstream. North Bank of the river only.

Chinook

To be determined in-season.

Opening dependent on number of chinook returning to Bonaparte fish way by July 25.  Check with your local DFO office for updates.

From Hwy 8 bridge at Spences Bridge upstream to a fishing boundary sign located approximately 1 km downstream of Martel (west side of river only).  These waters open to fishing are subject to change.

Chinook

Aug 22-Sep 03

4 per day, only 1 over 50 cm.  Check with your local DFO office for updates.

 

 


Table 5:  Freshwater Salmon Sport Fishing Opportunities:  Region 5a: Cariboo

(Part A, Fraser River Watershed, Management Units 5-1 to 5-5 and 5-12 to 5-16)

 

1.      Unless otherwise stated in the table, the daily limit in all waters of Region 5 is zero (0).

2.      The aggregate daily limit for all species of Pacific salmon (other than kokanee) from tidal and non-tidal waters combined is four (4).

3.      All retained chinook, must measure 30 cm or more from tip of nose to fork in tail (fork length).

4.      A single barbless hook is in effect year round for all streams in Region 5.

5.      There is an annual limit of 10 adult chinook.  All retained chinook must be recorded on the back of your freshwater angling licence.  An "adult chinook" in Region 5 is defined as being over 50 cm (fork length).

 

WATERS

SPECIFIC AREA

SPECIES

DATES

LIMITS / GEAR

Cariboo River

From confluence of the Quesnel River to the confluence of Seller Creek.

Chinook

Jul 27-Aug 18

4 per day, only 2 over 50cm.

Chilko River

From Chilko Lake downstream to boundary signs 1.5km upstream of Siwash bridge (12 km upstream from Chilcotin R. junction).

Chinook

Jul 25-Aug 16

4 per day, only 2 over 50cm.  Monthly limit of 4 over 50 cm.

Quesnel River

downstream of Poquette Creek

Chinook

Jul 15-Sep 1

4 per day, only 2 over 50cm.

 

 

Table 6:  Freshwater Salmon Sport Fishing Opportunities:  Region 7: Omineca-Peace

Shaded areas are new or changed opportunities.

 

1.      Unless otherwise stated in the table, the daily limit in all waters of Region 7 is zero (0).

2.      The aggregate daily limit for all species of Pacific salmon (other than kokanee) from tidal and non-tidal waters combined is four (4).

3.      All retained chinook, must measure 30 cm or more from tip of nose to fork in tail (fork length).

4.      A single barbless hook is in effect year round for all streams in Region 7.

5.      There is an annual limit of 10 adult chinook.  All retained chinook must be recorded on the back of your freshwater angling licence.  An "adult chinook" in Region 7 is defined as being over 50 cm (fork length).

 

WATERS

SPECIFIC AREA

SPECIES

DATES

LIMITS / GEAR

Bowron River

From Forestry Road bridge nearest to the Fraser River, upstream to the Bowron Forest Road bridge crossing near Haggen Creek.

Chinook

Jul 15-Aug 15

4 per day, only 2 over 50cm. 

Fraser River

From power lines crossing the Fraser  River near College Hts, upstream to the Northwoods Bridge crossing the Fraser River

Chinook

Jul 8-Jul 23

4 per day, only 1 over 50cm.  

Upstream of the Northwoods Bridge to a line between two fishing boundary signs approximately .5 kilometres downstream of the Salmon River.

Chinook

Jul 15-Aug 15

4 per day, only 1 over 50cm

This is a proposed opening, consultation will occur prior to implementation.  Check with your local DFO office.


Table 7:  Freshwater Salmon Sport Fishing Opportunities:  Region 8: Okanagan

 

  1. Unless otherwise stated in the table, the daily limit in all waters of Region 8 is zero (0).

2.      The aggregate daily limit for all species of Pacific salmon (other than kokanee) from tidal and non-tidal waters combined is four (4).

3.      All retained chinook, must measure 30 cm or more from tip of nose to fork in tail (fork length).

4.      A single barbless hook is in effect year round for all streams in Region 8.

5.      There is an annual limit of 10 adult chinook.  All retained chinook must be recorded on the back of your freshwater angling licence.  An "adult chinook" in Region 8 is defined as being over 50 cm (fork length).

 

WATERS

SPECIFIC AREA

SPECIES

DATES

LIMITS / GEAR

Mabel Lake

South of fishing boundary signs located on opposite shores approximately 1 km from Wap Creek.

Chinook

12:00 Jul 25-12:00 Sep 12

4 per day, only 2 over 50 cm.  Monthly quota is 4 over 50cm, including all Shuswap River and Mabel Lake chinook. 

Shuswap River

Between Shuswap Falls and Mabel Lake.

Chinook

12:00 Jul 25 - 12:00 Aug 15

4 per day, only 2 over 50 cm.  Monthly quota is 4 over 50cm, including all Shuswap River and Mabel Lake chinook. 

Upstream from signs above Mara Bridge to Mabel Lake.

Chinook

12:00 Jul 25 - 12:00 Sep 12 05:00-22:00 hours only

4 per day, only 2 over 50 cm.  Monthly quota is 4 over 50cm, including all Shuswap River and Mabel Lake chinook. 

 

 

Tidal Waters

 

Areas 28 and 29 are open year-round to the retention of chinook.  The daily limit is 2 per day and both must be greater than 62 cm.  There is an annual limit of 15 chinook from these waters.

 

3.         Commercial

 

Area E: In 2004, Area E Gillnet Association (AEGA) submitted a multi-year proposal to conduct a limited opportunity "exploratory" chinook-targeted fishery.  The planned timing of this fishery was late July to mid-August, within the peak abundance timing period of the summer run chinook aggregate. Fisheries were planned to occur during times when a commercial sockeye TAC was available for harvest.

 

During year one of this proposal 24 vessels were authorized to participate.  This project took place within the Fraser River mainstem (Mission to Steveston) during the 2004 sockeye fishing season.  In an effort to restrict impacts of this proposal within acceptable limits, DFO identified a maximum allowable harvest of 2,500 chinook with a retention of sockeye by-catch.  A total of 1,882 chinook were harvested in the 2004 season in two openings that took place on July 29 and August 12.   Fish caught during this initiative were accounted for as part of the overall Area E harvest. Individual fishers participating in this project were not permitted to retain any catch, making this a "pooled" type of arrangement under AEGA.

Plans to continue with year two of this proposal in 2005 were cancelled due to by-catch constraints in sockeye salmon fisheries.

 

Pre-season discussions with AEGA advisors have confirmed that there is an interest in continuing with the chinook exploratory program in 2006.  DFO staff will continue evaluating the status of chinook stocks and reviewing the impacts of this fishery.  In reviewing the viability and direction of this proposal, the Department will be consulting with First Nations and stakeholders in order to make a decision about the future direction of this initiative.

 

Area G / WCVI Troll:  Under the Pacific Salmon Treaty (PST), West Coast of Vancouver Island (WCVI) chinook fisheries are managed using an Aggregate Abundance Based Management model.  Fisheries are directed on an aggregate comprised of different U.S. and Canadian chinook stocks.  Abundance forecasts provide estimates for 2 years in advance.  The fall 2004 stock information was used to forecast the aggregate abundance of all chinook stocks for Fall 2005 and Fall 2006.  The 2004 forecast information provided for a domestic harvest of approximately 173,000 chinook for the 2005-2006 chinook year.  (October 1, 2005 to September 30, 2006).  For planning purposes, the domestic harvest levels for WCVI fisheries are estimated to be: First Nations FSC – 5,000, Recreational – 50,000 and Area G Commercial – 118,000.

 

It is important to note that the aggregate abundance can, and usually does change in April when stock information from the previous fall can be entered in the model.  It is possible that in April 2006, the aggregate chinook abundance will increase; which in turn will increase the number of chinook available for domestic harvest requirements.  Area G Fishing plans for the balance of the 2005-2006 season will be developed in consultation with the Area G Harvest Committee as the 2005-2006 Integrated Fisheries Management Plan is drafted.  The first meeting in this process is scheduled for February 13, 2006.

 

Area H Troll:  Area H trollers have submitted a chinook sampling program to the department for consideration.  The objectives of the Area H proposal are to:

·       Determine areas and times where stocks of concern can be avoided while targeting abundant stocks by gathering stock composition information;

·       Gather catch and biological information on chinook stocks focusing on months where significant data gaps are thought to exist; and

·       Use the information to investigate the feasibility of a future small troll fishery for Area H.

 

The focus for 2006 will be on Area 29 and the terminal (near Fraser River mouth) assessment of the South Thompson and Harrison chinook by sampling in August and September.. The Area H Association will be paying for all costs of analyzing the DNA samples and providing a written report to the Department.


 

Appendix A: Albion Test Fishery

The following figures summarize catches in the Albion chinook test fishery for 2005 and compares these catches with data averaged from previous years.  Figure 1 gives the daily catch per unit effort (CPUE) and compares it to the average of the historical data from 1981-2004. Figure 2 give cumulative CPUE and compares it to average cumulative CPUE from 1981 - 2004. The advantage of viewing CPUE cumulatively is a better understanding of the total success of the year’s fishery as compared to the historical average.

 

Appendix B: Chinook escapement estimates to tributaries in the lower Fraser River

Early timed stocks are highlighted and indicator stocks are presented in bold italics.

n/r – none recorded (escapement program did not proceed)

n/o – none observed

* Near Final

 

** Preliminary

Birkenhead escapement 1991-2004 is based on a single stream walk each year on Sep 12


Appendix C: Chinook escapement estimates to tributaries in the BC Interior

C.T.C. Indicator Stream

1991

1992

1993

1994

1995

1996

1997

1998

1999

2000

2001

2002

2003

2004

2005

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Spring - Run Age 1.3

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(5 sub 2)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Upper Pit River

150

300

175

N/R

N/R

N/R

N/R

N/R

N/R

N/R

N/R

276

171

N/R

341

Birkenhead River

242

713

241

343

162

293

573

565

147

404

624

463

427

180

1425

Bridge River

150

800

950

615

851

1900

1968

626

898

769

198

969

N/I

1115

183

Chilcotin River

3140

2486

3100

6354

3480

2285

4000

1636

2896

2971

1574

2092

3396

1064

1509

Cottonwood River

1000

2700

4470

4690

2100

1750

3329

2592

641

1208

781

1352

1555

1241

646

Horsefly River

500

400

200

4154

185

400

115

43

137

174

281

380

246

375

509

Westroad River

2500

2500

3200

6150

6050

4615

7206

3827

984

1600

1924

1620

2966

1366

846

Bowron River

4200

4670

6140

9104

8316

4577

7334

7618

3455

3220

5491

8719

10059

8160

4074

Fraser R. ( Tete Juane )

4027

3224

3300

4240

6000

4100

2935

2586

2081

2262

4976

3913

3048

2062

2535

Goat River

107

100

55

293

400

440

354

302

89

212

411

820

569

174

151

Holmes River

1500

2150

2100

1877

2600

2775

3203

2362

523

1795

1018

3740

4110

1376

821

Horsey River

50

90

130

unk

120

20

75

57

14

128

78

308

288

62

34

McKale River

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

20

present

32

9

81

49

68

78

McGregor Tributaries

1300

4150

unk

1851

2412

3461

2505

4471

1870

2449

2420

3751

4103

3253

1310

Chilako Creek

150

150

25

119

200

624

186

39

115

20

7

229

N/I

106

202

Endako River

200

10

20

200

125

167

43

191

171

160

275

292

N/I

N/I

252

Ormond Creek

N/R

N/R

N/R

N/R

N/R

N/R

N/R

N/R

N/R

N/R

N/R

N/R

N/I

N/I

N/I

Nevin Creek

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

161

46

62

57

132

385

238

77

Slim Creek

2500

1725

1300

2473

4634

2268

3130

2664

1235

2112

2876

3021

3676

2284

2161

Swift Creek

600

980

1000

886

1700

1500

1200

1098

375

486

982

1535

835

520

335

Walker Creek

100

500

150

240

101

426

122

392

206

252

177

381

543

277

103

Torpy River

2000

2600

1000

1921

1590

1055

1042

2293

1819

1468

1755

2565

4457

2730

1027

Willow River

500

700

600

1170

817

1612

1961

2041

717

1314

893

1033

1980

1887

1012

Barriere River

50

N.I.

50

44

21

unk

unk

N.I.

present

77

362

377

131

306

220

Finn Creek

460

630

1300

1837

810

1569

725

632

524

1511

1115

650

45

538

185

Eagle River

835

1271

1100

1200

700

780

915

N.I.

624

1085

1397

1458

1583

867

427

Salmon River ( Prince George )

300

300

25

729

901

1054

1200

1362

823

634

478

429

2395

1681

668

Salmon River ( Salmon Arm )

616

300

1850

800

700

727

252

284

350

357

1362

1003

89

395

307

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Stock Aggregate Totals

27177

33449

32481

51290

44975

38398

44373

37862

20740

26761

31521

41589

47106

32325

21438

C.T.C. Indicator Stream

1991

1992

1993

1994

1995

1996

1997

1998

1999

2000

2001

2002

2003

2004

2005

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Spring Run Age 1.2 ( 4 sub 2 )

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Deadman River

232

241

1200

1591

540

1506

934

665

350

787

780

1940

 

1159

417

Spius Creek

248

250

900

150

500

500

450

300

52

668

603

1012

1170

1866

291

Coldwater River

325

1332

1500

275

1050

1500

400

300

267

497

781

1394

1195

1018

183

Nicola River

2500

4028

4000

7970

6500

16400

7614

1211

7263

8808

7771

11643

14574

7850

2926

Louis Creek

10

6

20

510

800

420

480

377

183

611

349

481

198

105

63

Bessette Creek

180

80

270

100

280

400

N.I.

150

404

360

323

350

N/O

182

18

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Stock Aggregate Totals

3495

5937

7890

10596

9670

20726

9878

3003

8519

11731

10607

16820

17137

12180

3898

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Summer Run Age 1.3 ( 5 sub 2 )

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Portage Creek

N/R

50

330

36

N/R

300

N/R

18

200

46

248

445

158

103

86

Seton River

35

N/R

150

69

N/R

N/I

N/R

N/I

N/I

N/I

N/O

6

5

N/I

Present

Chilko River

7400

11168

6343

5665

10461

17000

16272

14549

8920

9171

10891

11027

21625

16287

7668

Quesnel River

4400

3375

5028

1549

3073

3100

3185

4906

1620

1718

2418

5520

5265

3356

3230

Cariboo River

1551

1000

2480

2000

817

1850

1800

936

573

744

503

1097

2198

351

526

Stuart River

7500

15000

1000

2420

3730

7415

6221

4642

3875

1875

1954

Present

Present

Present

Present

Nechako River

2360

2498

664

1144

1689

2040

1954

1868

1917

N/A

9331

5546

4077

5189

3217

Stellako River

N/R

N/R

N/R

10

N/R

N/R

N/R

15

18

N/R

N/R

N/R

N/O

N/I

231

Clearwater River

2219

2370

2700

5450

5100

7780

7830

7007

3837

4563

5051

5689

6234

4622

3519

Raft River

355

280

190

935

1371

870

1230

309

712

936

237

443

311

741

109

North Thompson River

2183

2020

2400

4164

N.I.

2375

2130

2156

3375

2732

3175

2200

1989

N/I

N/I

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Stock Aggregate Totals

28003

37761

21285

23337

26241

42430

40622

36388

24847

21739.4

33560

31522

41699

30546

18586

 


 

C.T.C. Indicator Stream

1991

1992

1993

1994

1995

1996

1997

1998

1999

2000

2001

2002

2003

2004

2005

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Summer Run Age 0.3 ( 4 sub 1 )

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Maria Slough

N/R

N/R

N/R

N/R

N/R

100

100

150

198

266

400

1200

823

N/R

439

Adams River

3000

1300

800

1800

1900

2200

3400

4182

2029

2266

5890

3674

2496

2216

3837

Little River

250

600

unk

400

150

3000

1850

1246

1163

2043

9885

3680

2488

6000

7504

Lower Shuswap River

10000

13300

6000

10150

10000

19000

13100

16704

24691

20409

18349

19327

21380

13329

12927

Middle Shuswap River

5000

5000

2500

4000

3000

5000

3800

4474

2449

2617

3022

5442

4799

1415

1883

South Thompson River

8000

12000

4000

3000

5500

21600

27000

41277

22675

17560

36740

51298

38178

38592

61837

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Stock Aggregate Totals

26250

32200

13300

19350

20550

50900

49250

68033

53205

45161

74286

84621

70164

61552

88427

 

Spring - Run Age 1.3 ( 5 sub 2 )

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Baker Creek

400

250

300

250

250

150

292

420

47

282

268

420

423

N/I

N/I

Dome Creek

523

458

575

530

550

571

625

400

309

198

49

450

444

270

191

East Twin Creek

N/I

N/I

N/I

N/I

N/I

N/I

N/I

64

N.I.

18

35

51

52

62

12

Holliday Creek

N/I

N/I

N/I

N/I

N/I

N/I

N/I

N

N.I.

15

74

126

48

54

17

Humbug Creek

N/I

N/I

N/I

N/I

N/I

N/I

N/I

N/I

N.I.

26

22

85

35

N/A

N/I

Kazchek Creek

N/I

N/I

N/I

N/I

N/I

N/I

N/I

0

present

Present

N/O

N /O

6

8

N/I

Kenneth Creek

N/I

N/I

N/I

N/I

N/I

N/I

N/I

132

17

65

58

338

148

N/A

N/I

Kuzkwa

N/I

N/I

N/I

N/I

N/I

N/I

N/I

N/I

N/I

N/I

215

300

345

245

 

Naver Creek

300

unk

250

250

150

150

777

994

57

231

240

281

489

N/I

N/I

Narcosli Creek

300

500

250

350

250

150

757

254

161

145

383

129

382

N/I

N/I

Pinchi Creek

N/I

N/I

N/I

N/I

N/I

N/I

N/I

N/I

present

45

14

Present

15

25

 

Ptarmigan Creek

N/I

N/I

N/I

N/I

N/I

N/I

N/I

58

103

49

8

66

140

N/A

N/I

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1523

1208

1375

1380

1200

1021

2451

2322

694

1074

1366

2246

2104

664

29

 


 

 

Spring - Run Age 1.3 ( 5 sub 2 ) Cont….

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

C.T.C. Non Indicator Stream

1991

1992

1993

1994

1995

1996

1997

1998

1999

2000

2001

2002

2003

2004

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Small Creek

N/I

N/I

N/I

N/I

N/I

N/I

N/I

115

66

34

48

268

212

6

15

Snoeshoe Creek

N/I

N/I

N/I

N/I

N/I

N/I

N/I

N

N

N/I

N/I

165

66

N/I

N/I

Fraser River (Tete Juane)

4027

3224

3300

4240

6000

4100

2935

2586

2081

2262

4976

3913

3048

2062

2535

Upper Cariboo River

N/I

N/I

N/I

N/I

N/I

N/I

N/I

N/I

N/I

N/I

407

198

367

N/I

N/I

West Twin Creek

N/I

N/I

N/I

N/I

N/I

N/I

N/I

24

N.I.

34

14

22

108

40

58

 

4027

3224

3300

4240

6000

4100

2935

2725

2147

2330

5445

4566

3801

2108

2608

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Stock Aggregate Totals

5550

4432

4675

5620

7200

5121

5386

5047

2841

3404

6811

6812

5905

2772

2637

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Spring Run Age 1.2 ( 4 sub 2 )

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Bonaparte River

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2100

1659

1500

4283

4157

4391

10084

1864

1954

5258

6150

8216

8470

7990

3516

 

2500

4028

4000

7970

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Stock Aggregate Totals

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

4600

5687

5500

12253

4157

4391

10084

1864

1954

5258

6150

8216

8470

7990

3516

 


 

C.T.C. Non Indicator Stream

1991

1992

1993

1994

1995

1996

1997

1998

1999

2000

2001

2002

2003

2004

 

Summer Run Age 1.3 ( 5 sub 2 )

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Adams River ( Upper )

12

N.I.

unk

unk

128

220

275

100

107

60

109

46

150

238

N/I

Blue River

N.O.

40

8

48

35

0

0

110

11

235

88

480

329

152

N/I

Chilcotin River ( Upper )

unk

unk

200

450

262

735

360

617

285

229

243

523

678

220

97

Eagle River

835

1271

1100

1200

700

780

915

N.I.

624

1085

1397

1458

1583

867

426

Elkin Creek

600

540

450

508

786

1250

806

651

417

394

458

420

1038

N/I

N/I

Lemieux Creek

N/I

N.I.

N/I

N/I

N/I

N/I

N/I

N/I

216

115

117

155

N/O

194

28

Lion Creek

12

50

12

150

65

95

N.I.

N.I.

34

0

3

N/O

N/I

N/I

N/I

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Stock Aggregate Totals

1459

1901

1770

2356

1976

3080

2356

1478

1694

2119

2415

3082

3778

1671

 

 


Appendix D: CTC Indicator Stocks

The Chinook Technical Committee established interim escapement goals for British Columbia chinook stocks in 1986. These interim goals for natural and enhanced stocks were set at double the 1979-82 base period or, for key streams, double the 1984 escapement estimate. They are referred to as, “base period doubling goals” (bdp). The fall run has amended it’s escapement goal from 241,00 to 75,000 using a stock-recruitment analysis. New escapement goals for other timing groups still using bdp, based on carrying capacity of systems, are currently under development.

 


 

 


 

Appendix E: 2005 Annual Summary of First Nations Fisheries Chinook catch by area in the Fraser River mainstem and tributaries

  

AREA

 

CHINOOK

 

Mainstem Fraser

 

 

Below Port Mann Bridge

1381*

 

Port Mann Bridge to Mission

944*

 

Mission to Hope

 

2260*

 

Hope to Sawmill Creek

5499*

 

Sawmill Creek to Texas Creek

2482

 

Texas Creek to Kelly Creek

747

 

Kelly Creek to Deadman Creek

0

 

Deadman Creek to Marguerite Ferry

68

 

Naver Creek to Shelly & Nechako R to Isle Pierre

64

 

Mainstem Subtotal

13,445

 

Tributaries

 

 

Harrison River

 

0

 

Lillooet River System

 

unknown

 

Thompson River downstream of Bonaparte River confluence

38

 

Thompson River upstream of Bonaparte River confluence

827

 

Chilcotin River System

155

 

Nechako River System upstream of Isle Pierre

0

 

Stuart River System

 

3

 

Tributary Subtotal

1,023

 

2233

 

 

 

 

 

TOTAL

14,468

 

 

 

 

 

 

*  catches to June 30, 2005 only (ie: FN directed Chinook fishery)

Total 2005 Chinook harvest downstream of Sawmill Creek = 22,851

 

Please note, the Fraser River is permanently closed from Williams Creek to Petch Creek, Kelly Creek to Deadman Creek and the Lillooet River System were not monitored.  The Harrison River was also closed.

 

 


Appendix F: Preliminary estimates of Canadian commercial catches of chinook salmon by gear type and area during the 2005 fishing season.

 

 

 


Appendix G: Recreational Catch Data - Georgia Strait Creel Survey

The study area is that part of the Strait of Georgia between Sheringham Point off Sooke to Stuart Island north of Campbell River.  The study area includes Areas 13 to 19, 28 and 29.  Area 19 is subdivided into 19A (Subareas 19-7 to 19-12) and 19B (Subareas 19-1 to 19-6).

 

Figure 1 - Georgia Straight Creel Survey Estimates for Chinook by Month

 



 Appendix H: Preliminary 2005 Chinook Recreational Catches - Lower Fraser River Area

In 2005, recreational anglers were permitted to retain chinook on the Fraser River mainstem from the CPR Bridge at Mission upstream to the Alexandra Bridge from May 1 to December 31.  Fishing was permitted during daylight hours only (from one hour after sunset to one hour before sunrise).  The daily limit was four chinook per day of which only one could exceed 50 cm in length.  The Fraser River mainstem creel survey took place from May1st to September 7th, 2005 and covered the area from Sumas to Hope.

Table 1. Fraser River Mainstem (Summer) Creel Survey Final Results

 

 

2005 Fraser River Recreational Fishery Summary Table

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

May

June

July

August

September

Total

 

1-31 

 1-30

 1-31

1-31 

1-7 

 

Number of Interviews

206

627

1,884

2,123

1,983

6,823

Interview Hours

926

3,108

9,813

11,472

8,945

34,264

Number of Overflights

9

9

9

9

3

39

Average Overflight Count

51

106

280

509

1,601

509

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

ANGLER EFFORT

 

 

 

 

 

 

Estimated Effort (hours)

12,496

28,119

98,893

167,985

132,383

439,876

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

ESTIMATED HARVEST

 

 

 

 

 

 

Chinook Adult

102

406

3,039

7,477

2,522

13,546

Chinook Jack

0

6

0

48

124

178

Coho Adult

0

0

0

0

0

0

Coho Jack

0

0

0

0

0

0

Sockeye

0

0

11

6

42,612

42,629

Pink

0

0

0

2,067

15,323

17,390

Chum

0

0

0

0

39

39

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

ESTIMATED RELEASE

 

 

 

 

 

 

Chinook Adult

0

11

159

175

56

401

Chinook Jack

0

0

6

19

100

125

Coho Adult

0

0

0

0

19

19

Coho Jack

0

0

0

0

0

0

Sockeye

0

0

3,601

48,083

18,130

69,814

Pink

0

0

0

6,626

31,896

38,522

Chum

0

0

0

47

125

172

 


In 2005, recreational anglers were permitted to retain chinook on the Chilliwack River from Slesse Creek downstream to boundary signs near the confluence with the Fraser River from July 1 to December 31.  Fishing was permitted during daylight hours only (from one hour after sunset to one hour before sunrise).  The daily limit was four chinook per day of which only one could exceed 62 cm in length.  A creel program was run from September 15th to November 15th, 2005 on the Chilliwack River.  Preliminary results from this creel are presented in the tables below.

 

Table 3:  Chilliwack River Recreational Fishery Assessment from September 15 to November 31, 2005.  Total catch and release (weekend and weekday catch and release data combined).

 

2005 Fall Chilliwack Recreational Fishery Summary Table

 

 

 

 

 

 

September

October

November

Total

 

15-30

 1-31

 1-15

 

Number of Interviews

1,193

3,799

602

5,594

Interview Hours

4,394

13,530

1,980

19,904

Number of Overflights

5

9

5

19

Average Overflight Count

258

606

106

323

 

 

 

 

 

ANGLER EFFORT

 

 

 

 

Estimated Effort (hours)

40,335

159,549

12,097

211,981

 

 

 

 

 

ESTIMATED HARVEST

 

 

 

 

Chinook Adult

1,184

4,096

22

5,302

Chinook Jack

407

1,002

9

1,418

Coho Adult

771

2,832

415

4,018

Coho Jack

6

33

0

39

Sockeye

0

0

0

0

Pink

1,634

237

0

1,871

Chum

172

1,220

232

1,624

 

 

 

 

 

ESTIMATED RELEASE

 

 

 

 

Chinook Adult

1,403

8,545

239

10,187

Chinook Jack

454

2,124

31

2,609

Coho Adult

386

2,595

367

3,348

Coho Jack

47

31

0

78

Sockeye

0

0

0

0

Pink

13,919

12,770

0

26,689

Chum

488

10,801

3,991

15,280

 


 

Appendix I: Preliminary 2005 Chinook Recreational Catches – Upper Fraser River (1)

System

Time/Duration

Hours Fished

Total Annual Catch

Bowron River

July 15 – Aug 15:

7days/week

N/A

No creel survey

Chilko River

July 25 - Aug 16:

7days/week

N/A

No creel survey

Fraser River at Prince George

 

 

Fraser River (confluence of Seton / Fraser River downstream to Seton powerhouse)

 

Fraser River (confluence of Seton / Fraser River to fishing boundary signs approx. 4 kms downstream of town of Lillooet)

Jul 9 – Aug 15:

7days/week

 

July 01 - Sept.07

 

 

 

August 14 – September 07 (0500 to 2100 hrs daily)

N/A

 

 

N/A

 

 

 

2322

No creel survey

 

 

No creel survey

 

 

 

16 (incidental catch in directed sockeye fishery)

 

Cariboo River

Jul 27 – Aug 18

7days/week

 

N/A

No creel survey

Quesnel River

Jul 15 - Sept 1:

7days/week

 

N/A

No creel survey

Bridge River

June 21 – Jul 14:

5 days/week

(0600 - 2100 hrs)

 

3165

243

Mabel Lake

noon July 25 to noon Sept 12:

7days/week

 

3865

106

North Thompson River (Clearwater River)

Aug 1 – Aug 31:

7 days/week

N/A

No Creel

Shuswap River (lower)

noon July 25 - noon Sept 12:

7days/week (0500 to 2200 hrs. daily)

14564

620

Shuswap River (middle)

noon July 25 - noon Aug 15:

7days/week

N/A

No Creel

South Thompson River

Aug 05 - Sept 22:

7days/week

N/A

No Creel

Thompson River near Bonaparte River

July 31 - Aug 09

Sat / Sun / Mon only (0600-2100)

N/A

No Creel

Thompson River (near Spences' Bridge)

Jul 23 - Aug 16

Sat/Sun/Mon only

0600 - 2100 hrs.

1605

174

Thompson River (near Martel)

Aug 22 - Sept 3

7 days/week

N/A

No Creel

(1) NoteDue to budget constraints in 2005 creel surveys were not undertaken in some recreational fisheries. Creel surveys were not undertaken in recreational fisheries where past years information suggested that catch and effort, and associated harvest rates, were very low.


Appendix J: 2004-2005 WCVI Chinook Troll Fishery Preliminary Catch and Releases Estimates – Generated from the Department Fishery Operations System (FOS)

 

YEAR

MONTH

AREA

CHINOOK KEPT

CHINOOK RELEASED

CHINOOK TOTAL

COHO RELEASED

2004

Oct

SWTR

1,627

476

2,103

542

 

 

NWTR

9,629

502

10,131

1,418

2004

Nov

SWTR

7,927

1,354

9,281

393

 

 

NWTR

130

9

139

4

2004

Dec

SWTR

134

21

155

0

 

 

NWTR

0

0

0

0

2005

Jan

SWTR

1,379

418

1,797

2

 

 

NWTR

483

19

502

1

2005

Feb

SWTR

831

327

1,158

0

 

 

NWTR

4,819

186

5,005

0

2005

Mar

SWTR

393

55

448

0

 

 

NWTR

15,854

1,511

17,365

1

2005

Apr

SWTR

6,274

679

6,953

59

 

 

NWTR

50,789

2,140

52,929

288

2005

May

SWTR

12,791

2,100

14,891

1,213

 

 

NWTR

13,864

561

14,425

572

2005

Sept

SWTR

4,789

328

5,117

*1,194

 

 

NWTR

11,901

1,072

12,973

1,640

Total for Chinook Year

143,614

11,758

155,372

7,327

 

* Retention of marked coho was permitted during the September 2005 harvest period based on sampling data which indicates Interior coho have migrated off the West Coast by mid September.  Fishery openings in September were from September 17 to 21, and September 24 to 30 in areas 26 to 27, and 124 to 127.  The preliminary catch estimate for coho in the September fishery was 549 for NWTR and 856 for SWTR


Appendix k: Salmon Endowment Fund

 

As part of the 1999 Pacific Salmon Treaty, the US and Canada established an endowment fund, the interest from which would be used for the benefit of Pacific salmon. More information on approved projects and application process can be found at: http://www.psc.org/news_restoration.htm

Chinook related projects approved in 2005:

·       Microsatellite variation in southern BC chinook salmon

·       Installation, operation and feasibility study of an Electronic Counter in the Coldwater River to support Habitat-Based Chinook Escapement Goal Calibration

·       DNA-based stock composition of catch and released chinook salmon in the West Coast of Vancouver Island (WCVI) troll fishery.

·       Nimpkish River chinook salmon enhancement evaluation

·       DIDSON sonar at the Cowichan River fence to count chinook during the operation of the fence and after the fence is inoperable,

·       Habitat-based chinook escapement goal calibration: small WCVI rivers, BC.

·       Campbell River mainstem chinook enhancement.

·       Little Qualicum River Storage Weir Upgrade

·       Hope Slough Habitat Restoration Project

·       Bonaparte River Restoration Program

·