Pacific Herring (Clupea pallasii)

Illustration: Pacific Herring

Science projects

Quick links to herring publications in:   CSAS     ICES & PICES     CJFAS     TAFS     NAJFM  and  HGB

CSAS Documents and Stock Status Reports

Link to CSAS website...

2015

Stock Assessment and Management Advice for BC Pacific Herring: 2015 Status and 2016 Forecast
SR 2015/038

Candidate Limit Reference Points as a basis for choosing among alternative Harvest Control Rules for Pacific Herring (Clupea pallasii) in British Columbia
SAR 2015/062

2014

Stock assessment and Management Advice for British Columbia Pacific Herring: 2013 Status and 2014 Forecast
SAR 2014/003

Stock assessment and Management Advice for British Columbia Pacific Herring: 2014 Status and 2015 Forecast
SAR 2014/060

2012

Stock Assessment Report on Pacific Herring in British Columbia in 2012.
SAR 2012/062

2011

Stock Assessment Report on Pacific Herring in British Columbia in 2011.
SAR 2011/061

Investigating changes in Pacific herring spawn density (layers).
CSAS 2011/064
D.E. Hay, C. Fort, J.F. Schweigert, L. Hamer and P.B. McCarter

Stock Assessment and Management Advice for the British Columbia Herring Stocks: 2010 Assessment and 2011 Forecasts.
CSAS 2011/115
J.S. Cleary and J.F. Schweigert

Biological Sampling Of BC Herring: Analysis Of Sampling Requirements For Characterizing Age Structure And Other Biological Characteristics Of Fisheries And Spawning Populations .
CSAS 2011/118
V. Haist

Moving towards the sustainable fisheries framework for Pacific herring: data, models, and alternative assumptions; Stock Assessment and Management Advice for the British Columbia Pacific Herring Stocks: 2011 Assessment and 2012 Forecasts.
CSAS 2011/136
S.J.D. Martell, J.F Schweigert, V. Haist, and J.S. Cleary

2010

Stock Assessment Report on Pacific Herring in British Columbia in 2010.
SAR 2010/064

Stock Assessment and Manangement Advice for the British Columbia Herring Fishery, 2009 Assessment and 2010 Forecasts.
CSAS 2009/079
J.S. Cleary, J.F. Schweigert and V. Haist

2009

Stock Assessment for British Columbia Herring in 2008 and Forecasts of the Potential Catch in 2009.
CSAS 2009/019
J. Schweigert, L.B. Christensen and V. Haist

Herring multi-stock analysis: Integration of tagging data and evaluation of alternative dynamics.
CSAS 2009/072
V. Haist and J. Schweigert

2008

Stock Assessment Report on Central Coast Pacific Herring.
SAR 2008/010

Stock Assessment Report on Prince Rupert District Pacific Herring.
SAR 2008/011

Stock Assessment Report on Queen Charlotte Islands Pacific Herring.
SAR 2008/012

Stock Assessment Report on Strait of Georgia Pacific Herring
SAR 2008/014

Stock Assessment Report on west coast Vancouver Island Pacific Herring
SAR 2008/015

2007

Stock Assessment for British Columbia Herring in 2007 and Forecasts of the Potential Catch in 2008.
CSAS 2007/011
J. Schweigert and V. Haist

A risk assessment framework for Pacific herring stocks in British Columbia.
CSAS 2007/047
J. F. Schweigert, C. Fu, C.C. Wood and T.W. Therriault

Initial investigations on potential impacts of reductions in spawn survey and bio-sampling program effort on herring stock assessments and management advice.
CSAS 2007/081
V. Haist and J. Schweigert

Potential impacts of the British Columbia herring roe fishery on the spatial and temporal distribution of herring spawn: examination of the serial depletion hypothesis.
CSAS 2007/086
D.E. Hay, P.B. McCarter and K.S. Daniel

2006

Catch-age models for Pacific herring: Evaluation of alternative assumptions about fishery and stock dynamics and alternative error distributions.
CSAS 2006/064
V. Haist and J. Schweigert

Stock Assessment for British Columbia Herring in 2006 and Forecasts of the Potential Catch in 2007.
CSAS 2007/002
J. Schweigert and V. Haist

Area 9 herring: a review of available information for stock assessment purposes.
CSAS 2007/004
T. Therriault

2005

Stock assessment report on Central Coast Herring.
SAR 2005/065

Stock assessment report on Prince Rupert District Herring.
SAR 2005/066

Stock assessment report on Queen Charlotte Islands Pacific Herring.
SAR 2005/067

Stock assessment report on Strait of Georgia Pacific Herring.
SAR 2005/068

Stock assessment report on West Coast Vancouver Island Pacific Herring.
SAR 2005/069

An assessment framework for Pacific Herring (Clupea pallasi) stocks in British Columbia.
CSAS 2005/083
J.F. Schweigert

2004

Pacific Herring Spawn Disappearance and Recolonization Events.
CSAS 2004/008
D.M. Ware and C. Tovey

An evaluation of alternative age-structured models for risk assessment of Pacific Herring stocks in British Columbia. CSAS 2004/011
Fu, C., Schweigert, J. and Wood, C.C.

Stock Assessment for British Columbia Herring in 2004 and Forecasts of the Potential Catch in 2005.
CSAS 2004/081
J.F. Schweigert

2003

Are offshore summer herring distributions useful predictors of recruitment strength for northern herring stocks?
CSAS 2003/081
T.W. Therriault

Analysis of juvenile herring surveys for recruitment prediction in the Strait of Georgia.
CSAS 2003/107
D.E. Hay, J.F. Schweigert, M. Thompson, C.W. Haegele and P. Midgley

2002

An evaluation of a recruitment forecasting procedure for Strait of Georgia herring.
CSAS 2002/106
R. Tanasichuk

Metapopulation dynamics of British Columbia herring during cool and warm climate regimes.
CSAS 2002/107
D.M. Ware and J. Schweigert

Population structure of herring (Clupea pallasi) in British Columbia determined by microsatellites, with comparisons to southeast Alaska and California.
CSAS 2002/109
T.D. Beacham, J.F. Schweigert, C. MacConnachie, K.D. Le, K. Labaree and K.M. Miller

2001

Metapopulation structure and dynamics of British Columbia herring.
CSAS 2001/127
D. Ware and J. Schweigert

Population structure of herring (Clupea pallasi) in British Columbia:  an analysis using microsatellite loci.
CSAS 2001/128
T. Beacham, J. Schweigert, C. MacConnachie, K.D. Le, K. Labree and K.M. Miller

2000

Straying rates and stock structure of British Columbia herring.
CSAS 2000/006
D.M. Ware, C. Tovey, D. Hay and B. McCarter

Offshore herring biology and the 2001 recruitment forecast for the West Coast of Vancouver Island stock assessment region Columbia herring.
CSAS 2000/146
R.W. Tanasichuk

1999

An evaluation of inseason echo sounding estimates of herring biomass.
CSAS 1999/167
R.W. Tanasichuk

Natural mortality rates of adult Pacific herring (Clupea pallasi) from southern British Columbia.
CSAS 1999/168
R.W. Tanasichuk

Age of sexual maturation and recruitment in Pacific herring.
CSAS 1999/175
D.E. Hay and P.B. McCarter

Pacific herring tagging from 1936 to 1992: a re-evaluation of homing based on additional data.
CSAS 1999/176
D.E. Hay, P.B. McCarter and K. Daniel

1998

Distribution and timing of herring spawning in British Columbia.
CSAS 1999/14
D.E. Hay and P.B. McCarter

An evaluation of the natural mortality rate used in the assessment of British Columbia herring stocks.
CSAS 1999/22
J.F. Schweigert and R. Tanasichuk

1997

Queen Charlotte Islands herring carrying capacity and sustainable harvest rates in different climate regimes.
CSAS 1997/139
D.M. Ware

The effects of sampling time on age-composition test fishing samples.
CSAS 1997/140
R. Tanasichuk

A retrospective analysis of escapement model performance using different adult survival rate estimate.
CSAS 1997/141
R. Tanasichuk and J. Schweigert

Offshore herring distribution and 1998 recruitment forecast for the West Coast of Vancouver Island stock assessment region.
CSAS 1997/142
D. Ware and R. Tanasichuk

ICES and PICES scientific reports

Links to ICES and PICES websites...

2010

A review of factors limiting recovery of Pacific herring stocks in Canada.
ICES Journal of Marine Sciences 67: 1903-1913
J. Schweigert, J. Boldt, L. Flostrand, and J. Cleary

Performance evaluation of harvest control rules for Pacific herring manangement in British Columbia, Canada.
ICES Journal of Marine Sciences 67: 2005-2011
J.S. Cleary, S.P. Cox and J.F. Schweigert

2009

Spatial diversity of Pacific herring (Clupea pallasi) spawning areas.
ICES Journal of Marine Sciences 66: 1662-1666
D. Hay, B. McCarter, K. Daniel and J. Schweigert

Recruitment forecasting using indices of young-of-the-year Pacific herring (Clupea pallasi) abundance in the Strait of Georgia (BC).
ICES Journal of Marine Sciences 66: 1681-1687
J. Schweigert, D. Hay, T. Therriault, M. Thompson and C. Haegele

Measuring and modelling Pacific herring spawning-site fidelity and dispersal using tag-recovery dispersal curves.
ICES Journal of Marine Sciences 66: 1754-1761
L. Flostrand, J. Schweigert, K. Daniel and J. Cleary

2005

Recent Ecosystem Changes in the California Current System and Gulf of Alaska, Appendix 2 and 3. In Pices International Program on Fisheries and Ecosystem Responses to Recent Regime Shifts.
PICES Scientific Report No. 28
H. Batchelder, J. Boldt, W. Crawford, A. Hollowed, J. King, D. Mackas, N. Mantua, F. Mueter, G. McFarlane, I. Perry, J. Schweigert and F. Schwing

2004

Coupling NEMURO to herring bioenergetics. In Pices-Globec International Program on Climate Change and Carrying Capacity.
PICES Scientific Report No. 27
K.A. Rose, B.A. Megrey, D.E. Hay and F.E. Werner

2002

Herring size-at-age variation in the North Pacific. In Pices-Globec International Program on Climate Change and Carrying Capacity.
PICES Scientific Report No. 20
J. Schweigert, F. Funk, K. Oda and T. Moore

Implications of variation in euphausiid productivity for the growth, production and resilience of Pacific herring (Clupea pallasi) from the southwest coast of Vancouver Island. In Pices-Globec International Program on Climate Change and Carrying Capacity.
PICES Scientific Report No. 20
R. Tanasichuk

Reflections of factors affecting size-at-age and strong year classes of herring in the North Pacific. In Pices-Globec International Program on Climate Change and Carrying Capacity.
PICES Scientific Report No. 20
D.E. Hay

2001

Spatial, temporal and life-stage variation in herring diets in British Columbia. In Pices-Globec International Program on Climate Change and Carrying Capacity.
PICES Scientific Report No. 15
D.E. Hay and B. McCarter

2000

Pacific herring: Common factors have opposite impacts in adjacent ecosystems. In Pices-Globec International Program on Climate Change and Carrying Capacity.
PICES Scientific Report No. 15
G.A. McFarlane, R.J. Beamish and J.F. Schweigert

1999

General Observations of Changes in Abundance of Small Pelagics and Specific Observations on Changes in Timing and Distribution of Herring Spawn in British Columbia: Impacts of Climate Change? In Pices-Globec International Program on Climate Change and Carrying Capacity.
PICES Scientific Report No. 11, pp. 65-69
D.E. Hay and B. McCarter

Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences

Link to CJFAS website...

2002

Tagging along: association among Pacific herring (Clupea pallasi) revealed by tagging.
CJFAS 59(12): 1960-1968
D.E. Hay and S.M. McKinnell

2001

Tagging of Pacific herring (Clupea pallasi) from 1936-1992: a review with comments on homing, geographic fidelity and straying.
CJFAS 58(7): 1356-1370
D.E. Hay, P.B. McCarter and K.S. Daniel

1993

Estimating Migration Rates for Pacific Herring (Clupea pallasi) Using Tag-Recovery Data.
CJFAS 50(7): 1530-1540
J.F. Schweigert and C. J. Schwarz

1991

Multivariate Description of Pacific Herring (Clupea harengus pallasi) Stocks from Size and Age Information .
CJFAS 48(12): 2365-2376
J.F. Schweigert

1990

Tidal Influence on Spawning Time of Pacific Herring (Clupea harengus pallasi).
CJFAS 47(12): 2390-2401
D.E. Hay

1989

Biological Basis of Maturation and Spawning Waves in Pacific Herring (Clupea harengus pallasi).
CJFAS 46(10): 1776-1784
D.M. Ware and R.W. Tanasichuk

1988

Maturation and Fecundity of Pacific Herring (Clupea harengus pallasi): An Experimental Study with Comparisons to Natural Populations.
CJFAS 45(3): 399-406
D.E. Hay and J.R. Brett

Alternative Harvest Strategies for Pacific Herring (Clupea harengus pallasi).
CJFAS 45(5): 888-897
D.L. Hall, R. Hilborn, M. Stocker and C.J. Walters

1987

Factors Affecting the Distribution, Abundance, and Measurement of Pacific Herring (Clupea harengus pallasi) Spawn.
CJFAS 44(6): 1181-1194
D.E. Hay and A.R. Kronlund

Influence of Interannual Variations in Winter Sea Temperature on Fecundity and Egg Size in Pacific Herring (Clupea harengus pallasi).
CJFAS 44(8): 1485-1495
R.W. Tanasichuk and D.M. Ware

1985

Distribution and Characteristics of Herring Spawning Grounds and Description of Spawning Behavior.
CJFAS 42(S1): s39-s55
C.W. Haegele and J.F. Schweigert

Factors Influencing Development and Survival of Pacific Herring (Clupea harengus pallasi) Eggs and Larvae to Beginning of Exogenous Feeding.
CJFAS 42(S1): s56-s68
D.F. Alderdice and A.S. Hourston

Reproductive Biology of Pacific Herring (Clupea harengus pallasi).
CJFAS 42(S1): s111-s126
D.E. Hay

Life History Characteristics, Reproductive Value, and Resilience of Pacific Herring (Clupea harengus pallasi).
CJFAS 42(S1): s127-s139
D.M. Ware

Environmental Variation and Recruitment of Pacific Herring (Clupea harengus pallasi) in the Strait of Georgia.
CJFAS 42(S1): s174-s180
M. Stocker, V. Haist and D. Fournier

Optimizing Sampling Design for Herring Spawn Surveys in the Strait of Georgia, B.C.
CJFAS 42(11): 1806-1814
J.F. Schweigert, C.W. Haegele, M. Stocker

1984

An Evaluation of Morphometrics and Meristics for Stock Separation of Pacific Herring (Clupea harengus pallasi).
CJFAS 41(3): 414-422
H.J. Meng and M. Stocker

1983

Potential Secondary Production from Herring Spawning in the Strait of Georgia.
CJFAS 40(2): 109-113
D.E. Hay and J. Fulton

Optimizing Survey Design for Determining Age Structure of Fish Stocks: an Example from British Columbia Pacific Herring (Clupea harengus pallasi).
CJFAS 40(5): 588-597
J.F. Schweigert and J.R. Sibert

1982

A Model for Predicting Pacific Herring (Clupea harengus pallasi) Spawn Density from Diver Observations.
CJFAS 39(10): 1361-1365
J.F. Schweigert, D. Fournier

1981

Distribution of Eggs by Depth and Vegetation Type in Pacific Herring (Clupea harengus pallasi) Spawnings in Southern British Columbia.
CJFAS 38(4): 381-386
C.W. Haegele, R.D. Humphreys and A.S. Hourston

Transactions of the American Fisheries Society

2008

Use of Microsatellites to Determine Population Structure and Migration of Pacific Herring in British Columbia and Adjacent Regions
TAFS 137(6):1795-1811
T. D. Beacham, J. F. Schweigert, C. MacConnachie, K. D. Le and L. Flostrand

Climate Regime Effects on Pacific Herring Growth Using Coupled Nutrient-Phytoplankton-Zooplankton and Bioenergetics Models
TAFS 137(1):278-297
K. A. Rose, B. A. Megrey, D.E. Hay, F. Werner and J.F. Schweigert

1986

Effects of Delayed Spawning on Viability of Eggs and Larvae of Pacific Herring
TAFS 115(1):155-161
D.E. Hay

North American Journal of Fisheries Management

1990

Evaluation of Sampling Strategies for Scuba Surveys to Assess Spawn Deposition by Pacific Herring
NAJFM 10(2):185-195
J. F. Schweigert, C. W. Haegele and M. Stocker

1988

Escapement Model for Estimating Pacific Herring Stock Size from Spawn Survey Data and Its Management Implications
NAJFM 8(1):63-74
J. F. Schweigert and M. Stocker

1985

Estimation of Egg Numbers in Pacific Herring Spawns on Giant Kelp
NAJFM 5(1):65-71
C. W. Haegele and J. F. Schweigert

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