Fraser River environmental watch report July 30, 2020

Fraser River environmental watch report July 30, 2020
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Ten-day daily forecasts of lower Fraser River temperature and flow conditions as well as current conditions throughout the Fraser basin are updated bi-weekly from roughly late-June until mid-August. These short-range forecasts are generated using river temperature and river flow forecast models (Hague and Patterson 2014).

The latest research on Pacific salmon fresh water migration suggests there are population-specific differences in temperature and flow tolerance thresholds (Eliason et al. 2011). These differences likely relate back to the variability in the average river environmental conditions experienced by salmon beginning their river migration at different times of the year and along different paths (Farrell et al. 2008). Despite these differences, there are also species-wide thresholds that will result in migration difficulties for most populations of Fraser River sockeye salmon. We provide species-level thresholds as a guide to interpreting the potential effect of current and forecasted river temperature and flow conditions on returning salmon. However, in general, fish historically returning to the Fraser River in the mid-summer will be more tolerant of higher temperatures than those fish returning in the early or late summer or early fall.

Current temperatures
July 29, 2020 Daily mean Historic mean
Stuart River @ Fort St. James 18.2 18.5
Stellako River @ Glenannan 17.4 18.1
Nautley River @ Fort Fraser 19.3 19.1
Nechako River @ Vanderhoof 18.0 17.2
Nechako River @ Isle Pierre 19.1 19.1
Fraser River @ Shelley 13.5 15.0
Quesnel River @ Quesnel 14.8 16.4
Fraser River @ Marguerite 15.5 18.6
Chilcotin River @ Hanceville 16.9 15.4
Fraser River @ Texas Creek 15.8 18.1
North Thompson River @ McLure 14.8 15.3
South Thompson River @ Chase 17.2 19.3
Thompson River @ Ashcroft 15.7 17.7
Thompson River @ Spences Bridge 17.0 18.7
Fraser River @ Big Bar Creek 14.4 NA
Fraser River @ Hope 16.2 17.6

Fraser River discharge at Hope

Critical levels for fish passage through Fraser Canyon:

Mean Daily Discharge (m3/s)
Long text version

Graph showing Fraser River mean water discharge at Hope. Graph shows 2020 observed and predicted mean daily discharge, 20 year historic median and 20 year return period (1912 to 2019). Trend lines show a steady rate then a gradual decline starting mid-June.

Fraser River water temperatures at Hope

Mean Daily Water Temparature °C
Long text version

Graph showing Fraser River mean water temperatures at Hope. Graph shows 2020 observed and predicted temperatures, highest observed (1950 to 2019) and historic mean (1912 to 2019). Trend lines show an increase from June to a high in August, and a decline to lows in September.

Fraser River discharge above Texas Creek

Fraser River Discharge above Texas Creek
Long text version

Graph showing Fraser River mean daily discharge above Texas Creek. Graph shows 2020 observed and predicted mean daily discharge, historic median (1912 to 2019) and 20 year return period (1952 to 2019). Trend lines show a gradual decline from June to September.

Fraser River water temperatures above Texas Creek

Fraser River Water Temperatures above Texas Creek
Long text version

Graph showing Fraser River mean daily water temperatures above Texas Creek. Graph shows 2020 observed and predicted temperatures, highest observed (1996 to 1998, 2002 to 2019) and historic mean (1996 to 1998, 2002 to 2019). Trend lines show an increase from June to July, then a decline to lows in September.