STREAM TO SEA for Primary Grades

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DFO Learning Resources

Additional DFO Resources

Activities, Brochures and Services 

DFO Learning Resources

Cover: Salmonids in the Classroom-PrimarySalmonids in the Classroom-Primary

For 20 years, teachers around the province have been raising salmon in the classroom and taking kids on field-trips to local streams. The good news is that the classroom resource that supports this program has undergone a complete revision. Organized around the salmon life cycle, each unit contains at least one strong science-based activity and many suggestions for language arts and fine arts. Assessment strategies are provided, including links to the Integrated Resource Packages. Includes a "Life Cycle of the Pacific Salmon Poster". Published 2002. 152 pages. Download Salmonids in the Classroom-Primary as individual pdf files OR download complete Salmonids in the Classroom-Primary Package (this may take several minutes).

Additional DFO Resources

Alphabet Poster

Photo: Alphabet PosterThis full color poster provides a salmon-related drawing and word for every letter of the alphabet. Works well with Salmonids in the Classroom - Primary package. 48cm x 80 cm. Published 1993. Available from DFO.

Life Cycle Poster

Photo: Life Cycle PosterColour poster of salmon migration from stream to ocean and home again. Detailed highlights give stages of life cycle. Included with Primary Salmonids in the Classroom. 46 cm x 91cm. Published 2002. Available from DFO.

Life Cycle Stages Poster Set of 8

Life Cycle Stages Poster Set of 8Eight color posters depicting the life cycle stages of salmon. These posters work well with the  Salmonids in the Classroom - Primary  package. 8 posters. (28 cm x 38 cm). Published 1988. Available from DFO.

Ocean Animal Clue Cards

Ocean Animal Clue CardsStudents will enjoy discovering the mystery plants and animals from Gloria Snively's 72 educational clue cards. Each card includes an illustration of the organism on the front side and questions on the back which provide clues to the identity of the organism. Describes our common crabs, barnacles, sea stars, snails, anemones, urchins, clams, fish, shore birds, seaweeds, and more. The cards can be used to play 12 different games that lead students into a deeper understanding of the marine environment. Although designed for school use with "Once Upon A Seashore", youth groups, nature camps and families will all find the Clue Cards a rich source of information about the natural history of Pacific Coast organisms. 72 cards and storage box. Published 2000. Please contact to order this publication.

Once Upon A Seashore

Once Upon A SeashoreThis wonderful ocean companion written by Gloria Snively allows teachers in both coastal and inland locations to use the seashore as a source of inspiration for integrating across art, creative writing, drama, science, mathematics, and social studies subject areas. Topics include basic ecology concepts, organisms, tidal cycles, habitat, predator-prey, food chains, life cycles, loss of habitat, and above all, conservation. Lessons include key concepts, learning outcomes, background information, teaching procedures, and evaluative techniques. Teachers are given suggestions for planning and organizing field trips as well as learning cycles for a day at the seashore. All of the activities have been field tested by BC teachers. Contains an illustrated glossary, 20 activity sheets, and 42 black and white line drawings that can be made into transparencies. The Clue Cards have been designed for use with this resource guide. Published 2001. 304 pages. Please contact to order this publication.

Activities, Brochures and Services


Sample sets of Fisheries and Oceans Canada publications can be obtained for teacher review by downloading an order form of stewardship publications. No charge. Some relevant titles:

  • The Incredible Salmonids (species descriptions, migration patterns)
  • Where and When to See Salmon (guide to spawning channels, hatcheries) 
  • Scales and Tales (information/game sheets for ages 8 - 12)
  • Home Tips for Healthy Streams
Classroom Incubation Program

Photo: Classroom aquarium Thousands of B.C. and Yukon school children are learning about salmonids in a hands-on way through Stream to Sea's Classroom Incubation Program. Fisheries and Oceans Canada provides specially-equipped aquariums for classrooms studying Salmonids in the Classroom. These aquariums are stocked with salmonid eggs, which students care for and monitor until the fry are ready for release to a local creek. This fry release provides an excellent opportunity for a field trip. While it offers one of the most rewarding educational experiences when used in conjunction with Salmonids in the Classroom or a science unit, this program does require considerable teacher commitment and attendance at an in-service session. Supply of aquariums is limited and not all requests can be met in any given year. Contact your Community Advisor or Education Coordinator to inquire about the availability of this Program in your community. No charge.

Marine and Aquatic Educators' Guide

Marine and Aquatic Educators' GuideIn 1997, Fisheries and Oceans Canada undertook a review of existing marine conservation learning resources to determine if any met the key concepts identified as priority educational messages by the Department. The results of the review have been summarized in the Marine and Aquatic Educator's Resource Guide, as a service to teachers who are often seeking educational materials related to aquatic conservation. Published 2001. 49 pages. Available from DFO.

Storm Drain Marking Program

Storm drain marking fish stencilCarried out in urban areas under sponsorship of Fisheries and Oceans Canada this program gives children an active role in protecting their environment by marking storm drains with bright yellow fish and circulating information to advise residents that these drains empty into local creeks. A video (for children) and manual (for teachers or leaders) are available. This activity is suitable for children working in small groups and supervision is mandatory. Contact your Community Advisor or Education Coordinator to obtain the necessary materials to conduct this activity. No charge.

Teacher In-service Sessions

In-service sessions are conducted on a regular basis and can be initiated by the school district. Workshops on various topics run from one to three hours to whole day sessions and are held at the participants' convenience (after school, on weekends or on professional development days). Contact your Community Advisor or Education Coordinator to see what in-service sessions are available in your community. No charge.

The Streamkeepers Handbook: A Practical Guide to Stream and Wetland Care

Streamkeepers Handbook coverView PDF Document
This guide is designed for use by volunteers (individuals, groups and schools) committed to protect, restore and monitor Stream corridors in the Province of British Columbia.

British Columbia's streams, lakes and wetlands are valuable natural resources. Stream corridors are particularly important. They support more species of plants and animals than any other habitats and provide important refuges and migration routes for birds and wildlife. Streams also are essential for maintaining British Columbia's renowned salmon and trout runs.
Streams respond rapidly to the pressures of residential and industrial activity in surrounding drainage areas or watersheds. Streams are good indicators of watershed health.

In British Columbia we all live within a watershed, be it coastal rain forest or interior dry land. We all share the responsibility of maintaining the quality of natural resources within them.

This guide aims to:

  • Introduce volunteers to the Streamkeepers program and provide information on how to get involved
  • Provide a summary of available projects
  • Provide basic information on watersheds, the water cycle and stream ecology
  • Introduce the agencies responsible for managing various watershed resources
  • Provide references, resources, glossaries and useful tips for keeping streams clean
  • Inform through a series of training modules aimed at encouraging 'hands on' environmental activities which outline various aspects of Stream corridor stewardship