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Marine finfish B.C. aquaculture licence and conditions of licence

Marine finfish B.C. aquaculture licence and conditions of licence
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Table of contents

  1. Marine finfish aquaculture licence under the Fisheries Act
  2. Part A. Definitions
  3. Part B. Finfish condition of licence
    1. Administrative matters
    2. Production
    3. Transfer of fish
    4. Containment structure array requirements
    5. Fish health
    6. Sea lice management for licence holders culturing salmonids
    7. Escape prevention, reporting and response
    8. Interactions with wild fish and megafauna
    9. Protection of fish habitat
    10. Operation of vessels
    11. Annual aquaculture statistical report
    12. Use of lights
  4. Appendices

Marine finfish aquaculture licence under the Fisheries Act

Licensed for: Aquaculture

Effective Date: «Effective Date»

Licence No. «DFO_Prefix» «DFO_Lic_No» «year»

Expiry Date: «Expiry_Date»

Issued to: «Licence Holder» «Corportation Address»

This licence is issued under the authority of the Fisheries Act and confers, subject to provisions of the Fisheries Act and Regulations made there under, the authority to carry out aquaculture activities including cultivation and Harvest of fish and prescribed activities under the conditions included herein and/or attached hereto.

It is the responsibility of the Licence Holder to obtain all other forms of authorization from federal or provincial agencies that may have jurisdiction for marine finfish aquaculture Facilities. As well, it is the Licence Holder's responsibility to be informed of, and comply with, the Fisheries Act and the regulations made there under, in addition to these conditions.

The above licence holder is authorized by this licence to carry out aquaculture activities at the following location and for the following species:

Facility Reference Number «REFERENCENUMBER»

Location and Legal Description «SITECOMMONNAME» «LEGALDESCRIPTION» «LANDFILENUMBER» «PFMA» «AQUACULTURE MANAGEMENT ZONE»

Licensed Species

  1. «SPECIES_1»

Maximum Allowable Peak Biomass (Tonnes):

Site specific conditions: «Section_B_Comment_1»

Required Record Keeping and Reporting: Details are contained within the attached conditions of this licence.

Compliance Advisory: No person carrying out any activity under the authority of this licence must contravene or fail to comply with any condition of this licence.

The Licence Holder is legally required to ensure that annual fees for this licence are paid each year not later than the anniversary date of this licence. The annual licence fee must be calculated as set out in section 3 of the Pacific Aquaculture Regulations.

A copy of this licence must be kept on site at the licensed Facility and be available for inspection by a Fishery Officer or Fishery Guardian.

This licence includes further conditions that are included herein and/or attached hereto. These conditions form part of the licence and may not be removed.

Part A: Definitions

Acoustical Deterrent
means a device that is used underwater and is intended to generate an aversive response in Marine Mammals and could cause harm, which includes but is not limited to: explosives, incendiary devices, and electronic sound recordings.
Active Facilities
means Facilities that have live cultivated fish on site. For sea lice purposes: Facilities that have had fish on site for more than 30 Days.
All Pen Counting Event
means the physical counting and recording of sea lice on farmed salmon from all stocked containment structures as outlined in Appendix 13; counts must be completed within a seven Day period.
Attestation
means a written declaration made by a Qualified Individual who bears witness to, confirms, or authenticates.
Biofouling
means the organisms that attach and/or live on nets and other farm structures (excluding herring spawn).
Broodstock
means fish used to generate gametes
Containment Structures
means net pens, bag cages, tanks, and similar structures used to contain finfish for the purposes of aquaculture.
Containment Structure Array
means a group of Containment Structures physically attached to each other, or in the case of circular structures, up to a maximum of 60 m apart.
Counting Event
means the physical counting and recording of sea lice on farmed salmon from a minimum of three stocked containment structures as outlined in Appendix 13. For sites with fewer than three stocked pens, all pens must be counted. Counts must be completed within a five Day period.
Day
means the period of elapsed time, using Pacific Time that begins at midnight and ends 24 hours later at the next midnight.
Debris
refers to any persistent solid material that is manufactured or processed and directly or indirectly, intentionally or unintentionally, deposited into the marine environment.
Department
means Fisheries and Oceans Canada.
Disease
means an abnormality of structure or function which results in a measureable compromise in physiological or behavioural performance of the individual, which is not a direct result of injury and can be caused by a suite of infectious, non-infectious, and inherent factors. Specifically:
Environmental Data
means dissolved oxygen levels, water temperature, plankton species and counts, salinity, turbidity, and other relevant data as requested by the Department.
Evidence of Escape
includes, but is not limited to, any visual or physical evidence that demonstrates a release of cultivated fish from the Facility, including unexplained declines in feed demand or inventory discrepancies.
Facility
means the collective structures used for the purposes of aquaculture, including but not limited to, net pens, walkways, barges, floats and living accommodations, plus associated lines and anchors.
Fallow
means zero cultivated fish at the Facility.
Fish health event (FHE)
means a suspected or confirmed Disease occurrence within an aquaculture Facility that requires the involvement of a veterinarian and implementation of mitigation to reduce associated impact(s) or risk(s). Actions/mitigation could include: treatment(s), targeted sampling, site quarantine, enhanced biosecurity, or culling to control suspected or confirmed Disease.
Fish Health Staff
means the designated personnel, with veterinary oversight, responsible for: identifying, managing, and minimizing the impact of health risk factors, making health-related decisions, and routine monitoring of health, lice and Disease parameters.
Fresh Silver Mortalities
means recently dead fish from the facility population that may or may not have outward signs suggestive of Disease. These fish most reflect the living production population.
Gross signs of jaundice
means yellow pigmentation of skin and/or internal organs for any physiological reason.
Handling Event
means any onsite activities that include the physical handling, crowding, or capturing of fish by nets or other means.
Harmful Debris
refers to any Debris that may cause harm to fish and fish habitat.
Harvest
means removal of live cultivated fish for market.
Harvest/Transfer Pens
means pens that are secured for less than 90 Days to the main cage array for the purpose of feeding, handling, holding, Harvesting or moving fish.
High Slack Tide
means the time when high tide has been reached, and water movement has ceased temporarily before starting to recede.
Incidental Catch
means any wild finfish (excluding sharks) from within the Facility caught during Harvest, movement of fish between Facilities, or net removal.
Licence Holder
means the individual or corporation listed on the face of this licence.
Marine Mammal
means cetaceans, pinnipeds, and sea otters.
Megafauna
means marine mammals, turtles, and sharks.
Mortalities
means cultivated fish that have died at the Facility but does not include fish killed for the purpose of Harvest.
Mortality event
  1. fish Mortalities or losses reaching 1% of the current Stock Inventory, within a 24 hour period; or
  2. fish Mortalities or losses reaching 2.5% of current Stock Inventory, within a five Day period.
Pathogen
means a bacterium, virus, or other microorganism that can cause Disease.
Peak Biomass
means the maximum biomass of cultivated finfish within a Facility during a Production Cycle.
Production Cycle
means:
  1. the period of time from stocking the Containment Structures to the time of Harvest or removal of all finfish; or
  2. for Facilities containing only Broodstock, the period of time immediately after a Peak Biomass up to and including the next Peak Biomass.
Production Site
means a Facility where fish of the same age class are entered at the same time, grown, and Harvested until the site is empty. Some may also have Broodstock kept continuously on site in dedicated pen(s) for breeding purposes.
Qualified Individual
means an individual employed by or contracted by an aquaculture corporation who possesses a combination of knowledge, expertise and experience necessary to complete a task.
Recurring Fish Health Event
means any Fish Health Event which has previously been reported on a farm in that Production Cycle but more than 30 Days have passed since the last reporting.
Resolved
means cultivated Mortalities no longer trigger the Mortality Event thresholds, as described in the Mortality Event definition above, for 10 consecutive Days.
Sea Lice Mitigation
means measures such as, but not limited to: use of in-feed therapeutants, bath treatments, mechanical equipment, or harvest to decrease or eliminate sea lice.
Stock Inventory
means the number of cultivated fish within a Facility.
Tonnes (t)
means 1,000 kg.
Transfer
means the movement of live fish to or from a licensed marine facility or hatchery.
Treatment Efficacy
means the percentage change from pre- to post-treatment sea lice abundances. This is measured by comparing the most proximal pre-treatment All Pen Counting Event to any All Pen Counting Event between 21 and 42 Days post-treatment for in-feed treatments, or seven Days for all other treatment methods.
Upon Discovery
means the date and time something was discovered. For sea lice threshold exceedance, it means the last Day of a Counting Event or All Pen Counting Event.
Wild Mortalities
means non-cultivated fish that have died within the Containment Structure Array but does not include Incidental Catch.

Part B. Finfish condition of licence

1. Administrative matters

1.1 Unless otherwise noted under specific conditions of this licence, the Licence Holder must keep all records required by these conditions in the following manner:

  1. with respect to duration:
    • at this Facility for the duration of the Production Cycle; and
    • in a suitable location: at this Facility, in a corporate office, or other accessible storage off-site, for a minimum of four additional years; and
  2. accessible, legible, and protected from damage; and
  3. in either electronic or paper versions; and
  4. must be made available for review upon request by personnel with authority delegated by the Department.

1.2 Unless otherwise noted under specific licence conditions, all plans, reports and submissions required by this licence must be submitted to the Department as follows:

  1. AQFF.General@dfo-mpo.gc.ca for reports required from Sections 2, 4, 7, 8, 9, and 12 of this licence;
    AQFF.FishHealth@dfo-mpo.gc.ca for all reports required from Sections 5 and 6 licence;
    DFO.PACAASR-RSAAPAC.MPO@dfo-mpo.gc.ca for all reports required from Section 11 of this licence.

1.3 All management plans required by this licence must available on site for staff to be aware of and implement. Submission timelines for any management plan must be followed as per conditions below.

1.4 Where a gap exists between the licence issuance date and the management plan submission date, the management plan on file from the previous licensing period will remain valid.

2. Production

2.1 The Peak Biomass of cultivated fish within an authorized Containment Structure Array must not exceed the Maximum Allowable Peak Biomass amount set out on the face of this licence.

2.2 The Licence Holder must report Peak Biomass information as follows:

  1. for Production Sites, when the Facility reaches Peak Biomass during a Production Cycle, the Licence Holder must submit to the Department notification of the actual date and tonnage of the Peak Biomass event, on the 15th of the following month as defined in Appendix 1.
  2. for Facilities with fish continuously on site, the Licence Holder must submit to the Department, no later than January 15th of each year for the term of this licence, notification of the actual date and tonnage of the Peak Biomass event from the previous calendar year, as defined in Appendix 1.

2.3 The Licence Holder must submit to the Department, starting July 15, 2022 and monthly on the 15th of each month thereafter for the term of this licence, up to a 14-month rolling inventory plan for all cultivated species as defined in Appendix 1:

  1. (a) one month of the plan must reflect the calculated inventory and biomass at this Facility for the previous month;
  2. (b) the next six months must be the projected inventory and biomass; and
  3. (c) this plan will include data when the facility is Fallow; and
  4. (d) on May 15th of each year for the term of this licence, the remaining eight months must be projected Active/Fallow status.

2.4 The Licence Holder must submit to the Department starting July 15, 2022 and monthly on the 15th of each month thereafter for the term of this licence, Transfers to and from this Facility, including:

  1. actual Transfers for the previous month, as defined in Appendix 2; and
  2. projected Transfers for the next six months, as defined in Appendix 1; and
  3. this reporting is required only if Transfers occurred or are projected to occur.

2.5 The Licence Holder must complete the Population Harvest Declaration Form as set out in Appendix 3 which must accompany the Harvested fish and be provided to the processor.

3.Transfer of fish

3.1 The Licence Holder must apply to the B.C. Introductions and Transfers (IT) Committee to obtain a licence to Transfer live fish.

3.2 All IT licences issued to the Licence Holder, issued for this facility must:

  1. be adhered to; and
  2. be kept along with the health Attestation signed by the Licence Holder’s veterinarian, at this Facility and available for inspection by a Fishery Officer or Guardian while those fish are kept on site.

4. Containment structure array requirements

4.1 The Licence Holder must comply with the Containment Structure Array Plan(s) attached to this licence with respect to location and Containment Structures. The number of Containment Structures at the Facility may be less than that in the Containment Structure Array Plan(s) but must not exceed it.

4.2 If the Containment Structure Array is anchored for the first time or re-anchored, the Licence Holder must submit to the Department, prior to Transferring fish to this Facility, or within 30 Days if fish are already on site:

  1. a Qualified Individual(s) confirming that the Facility infrastructure is installed in such a way and using such equipment as to withstand the oceanographic and meteorological conditions of the licensed location; and
  2. an accurate Containment Structure Array Plan including locational information (+/-10m) for each corner of the Containment Structure Array at High Slack Tide, and cage number.

4.3 The Licence Holder must also ensure Attestations, as per 4.2(a) are submitted regularly to the Department even if no re-anchroing has occurred; Attestations on file must be less than 4 years old.

4.4 The Licence Holder must notify the Department when planning to change from one approved Containment Structure Array to another 10 days prior to Transferring fish to this Facility.

4.5 Harvest/Transfer Pens may be used in the same location for up to 90 Days. The Licence Holder must ensure that:

  1. Harvest/Transfer Pens remain empty or in an alternate location for the equivalent time that they are in operation; and
  2. Facility records of Harvest/Transfer Pen usage are maintained and available upon request of the Fishery Officer or Fishery Guardian. These records must include location, start and end dates of Harvest/Transfer Pen use.

5. Fish health

5.1 The Licence Holder must develop and comply with a Health Management Plan (HMP), as set out in Appendix 4, and submit the complete HMP to the Department by October 15th of each year, with modified sections identified.

5.2 The Licence Holder must develop and comply with proprietary Health Management Standard Operating Procedures (HMSOPs), as set out in Appendix 4, and submit the complete HMSOPs to the Department by October 15th of each year, with modified sections identified.

5.3 If the Facility is assigned to an Area Management Zone, listed on the face of this licence, the other Facilities within the same zone must be considered as outlined in the Appendix 4.

5.4 The Licence Holder must keep Records as per section 1.1, including:

  1. stocking, production, and harvest information; and
  2. the information set out in Appendix 5; and
  3. the use of all therapeutants, pest control products, and anaesthetics as set out in Appendix 6.

5.5 All Containment Structures must be routinely inspected for mortalities, carcasses removed and classified, and records maintained:

  1. a minimum of once every seven Days, and more often if mortality is:
    1. associated with a Fish Health Event,
    2. a Mortality Event is occurring, or
    3. if imminent structural failures may occur.

5.6 Should a Mortality Event occur, the Licence Holder must:

  1. notify the Department as defined in Appendix 7 within two Days Upon Discovery, ensuring carcass numbers are assigned to the date they are recovered, rather than averaged out over previous Days; and
  2. report all Mortality Events occurring during Transfers as occurring at the destination Facility; and
  3. following the initial Mortality Event, complete consecutive 10 Day follow up reports until the Mortality Event is Resolved. Each report must be submitted within three Days of the final Day of that report; and
  4. if it is suspected that a Mortality Event has occurred and mortality retrieval was not possible, the Licence Holder must still submit a Mortality Event Report with supporting rationale as to why the retrieval did not occur; and
  5. retain all supporting documentation for the Mortality Event that clarifies the primary and any other contributing factor(s) and with the first 10 Day follow up report pursuant to Section 5.6 (c), the Licence Holder must submit to the Department:
    1. Environmental Data for seven Days leading up to and during the event; and
    2. Any laboratory results related to the Mortality Event.

5.7 Should a Fish Health Event occur, the Licence Holder must:

  1. take immediate action to manage the Fish Health Event by implementing response procedures to minimize the potential spread of Pathogens if an Infectious Disease is suspected or diagnosed; and
  2. submit a Fish Health Event notification to the Department within seven Days following initiation of mitigation as defined in Appendix 8; and
  3. submit a separate Fish Health Event notification for each concurrent Disease; and
  4. undertake follow up measures to evaluate the Fish Health Event and the efficacy of the mitigation measures taken; and
  5. submit to the Department the therapeutant management measures as set out in Appendix 9; and
  6. must retain all supporting documentation for the Fish Health Event that clarifies the primary and any other contributing factor(s) and make available to the Department upon request:
    1. Environmental Data for seven Days leading up to and during the event; and
    2. any laboratory results related to the Fish Health Event.

5.8 For Facilities growing Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar), the Licence Holder must investigate any abnormal and sustained increase in mortality following a known stressful event and:

  1. notify the Department within seven Days Upon Discovery as defined in Appendix 10; and
  2. collect 10 Fresh Silver Mortalities representing the fish with the elevated mortality for diagnostic testing at the direction of the Department; and
  3. submit to the Department this follow-up information as it becomes available:
    1. Environmental Data for seven Days leading up to and during the event; and
    2. any laboratory results that were requested by the veterinarian; and
    3. all supporting documentation that clarifies the primary and any other contributing factor of the increased mortality.

5.9 For Facilities growing Pacific salmon, the Licence Holder must:

  1. record all Mortalities that exhibit Gross Signs of Jaundice; and
  2. notify the Department within seven Days when Mortalities exhibit Gross Signs of Jaundice in greater than or equal to 0.03% of the Stock Inventory within a one-week time period the first time it occurs in a Production Cycle as defined in Appendix 10 and:
  3. submit to the Department this follow-up information as it becomes available:
    1. take a sample of 10 Fresh Silver Mortalities, of which half (if available) must show Gross Signs of Jaundice; and
    2. submit these fish for diagnostic testing at the direction of the Department; and
    3. submit the results of the diagnostic testing to the Department as soon as they are available.

5.10 Starting July 15, 2022 and quarterly thereafter for the term of this licence, the Licence Holder must maintain and submit to the Department, records of Mortality by Category for all cultivated Mortalities collected during routine carcass recovery at all Active Facilities, as per HMP and as defined in Appendix 9.

5.11 The Licence Holder must ensure that Fish Health Event and carcass assessment records are reviewed by the Licence Holder’s veterinarian and/or Fish Health Staff to assess patterns in fish health and to facilitate reporting of Fish Health Events as per Section 5.7 and Mortality by Category as per section 5.10.

6. Sea lice management for licence holders culturing salmonids

6.1 Licence Holders must develop and comply with a Sea Lice Management Plan (SLMP) as set out in Appendix 11, and submit the complete SLMP, with modified sections identified to the Department by October 15th of each year.

6.2 For Active Facilities growing Pacific salmon, the Licence Holder must:

  1. conduct sea lice monitoring during fish Handling Events at least quarterly; and
  2. make sea lice count data available for review by the Department upon request; and
  3. notify the Department within three Days Upon Discovery, as defined in Appendix 12, if an average of 3.0 motile Lepeophtheirus salmonis sea lice per fish is met or exceeded.

6.3 For Active Facilities growing Atlantic salmon, the Licence Holder must conduct sea lice monitoring following protocols in Appendix 13, and report to the Department as described in Sections 6.4 - 6.13. Sections 6.4-6.13 are not applicable to Active Facilities growing Pacific salmon.

6.4 The Licence Holder must follow all area-based and site-specific sea lice monitoring windows listed in this licence. If those do not exist, the following dates will apply:

  1. Non-migration window: July 1 – January 31;
  2. Pre-migration window: February 1 – February 29;
  3. Out-migration window: March 1 – June 30.

6.5 The Licence Holder must follow all area-based and site-specific sea lice thresholds prescribed in this licence. If those do not exist, the following sea lice threshold will apply:

  1. sea lice by fish threshold: an average of 3.0 motile Lepeophtheirus salmonis.

6.6 During the Non-migration window, the Licence Holder must:

  1. conduct a Counting Event once per month and submit the results to the Department by the 15th of the following month, as defined in Appendix 14; and
  2. Upon Discovery of threshold 6.5(a) being met or exceeded, the Licence Holder must:
    1. notify the Department within three Days as defined in Appendix 12; and
    2. conduct Counting Events every two weeks thereafter so long as the exceedance continues and submit the results to the Department within three Days of each Counting Event, as defined in Appendix 12.

6.7 During the Pre-migration window, the Licence Holder must:

  1. conduct Counting Events biweekly; and
  2. Upon Discovery of threshold 6.5(a) being met or exceeded, the Licence Holder must:
    1. notify the Department within three Days, and describe the Sea Lice Mitigation measures that will be taken to ensure that the sea lice levels are below threshold by the start of the Out-migration Window; and
    2. conduct an All Pen Counting Event within seven Days Upon Discovery; and
  3. submit the results of (a) and (b) to the Department within three Days of each Counting Event and All Pen Counting Event as defined in Appendix 12.

6.8 The Licence Holder must ensure that sea lice numbers are below threshold 6.5(a) at the time of the first All Pen Counting Event of the Out-migration window, unless the Department confirms that the Licence Holder is unable to conduct a Handling Event for the purposes of counting or treating fish due to conditions outlined in Section 6.11(a).

6.9 During the Out-migration window, the Licence Holder must:

  1. initiate and complete an All Pen Counting Event within the first seven Days of the window and submit the results to the Department within three Days as defined in Appendix 12; and
  2. conduct Counting Events every two weeks thereafter, and submit the results to theDepartment by the 15th of the following month, as defined in Appendix 14; and
  3. Upon Discovery of threshold 6.5(a) being met or exceeded, the Licence Holder must:
    1. conduct an All Pen Counting Event within seven Days Upon Discovery, andevery two weeks thereafter so long as the exceedance continues; and
    2. describe the planned Sea Lice Mitigation measures to reduce sea lice abundance as per 6.9(d) and submit with the initial exceedance report; and
    3. submit the results of each All Pen Counting Event to the Department within three Days as defined in Appendix 12; and
  4. the Licence Holder must bring the sea lice levels below the threshold set in 6.5(a) within 42 Days Upon Discovery of an exceedance.

6.10 At any time of the year, if Sea Lice Mitigation measures are undertaken, the Licence Holder must:

  1. submit a Sea Lice Mitigation notification to the Department within the seven Days following the initiation of mitigation, as defined in Appendix 8; and
  2. complete an All Pen Counting Event within seven days prior to the Sea Lice Mitigation measure; and
  3. conduct Counting Events following in-feed Sea Lice Mitigation as follows:
    1. every two weeks following the completion of treatment until 6.10 (c)(ii) is met; and
    2. within 42 Days from the completion of treatment, conduct an All Pen Counting Event once sea lice abundance is under threshold and a Treatment Efficacy of at least 60% is met; and
  4. conduct an All Pen Counting Event within seven Days of all other non in-feed Sea Lice Mitigation measures; and
  5. submit the results of (b), (c) and (d) to the Department within three Days as defined in Appendix 12; and
  6. assess and report Treatment Efficacy for all Sea Lice Mitigation measures as per section 6.12, including supporting documentation upon request.

6.11 The Licence Holder:

  1. is not required to conduct a Handling Event for the purpose of counting or treating sea lice in an individual Containment Structure if:
    1. the Containment Structure(s) will undergo Harvest within the next 10 Days; or
    2. fish are being medicated or otherwise managed for a Fish Health Event which precludes handling; or
    3. the site is experiencing a measurable environmental issue that would reasonably lead to elevated fish stress and mortality; or
    4. if it is not an Active Facility; or
    5. written approval was sought and received from the Department’s veterinarian for reasons other than prescribed in 6.11(a)(i), (ii), (iii), and (iv); and
  2. must note if any Containment Structure(s) were missed in a required Counting Event or All Pen Counting Event for the reasons set out in 6.11(a) in the required reporting to the Department; and
  3. must notify the Department if an entire Counting Event or All Pen Counting Event could not occur for the reasons set out in 6.11(a) within three Days Upon Discovery; and
  4. with that notification, provide the Department with all supporting information associated with the reasons set out in 6.11(a) including a harvest or transfer plan, Fish Health Event data, or Environmental Data as appropriate; and
  5. once the reason set out in 6.11(a) has been resolved, sea lice counting and management must be resumed as per licence conditions.

6.12 If a sea lice Treatment Efficacy is determined to be less than 60%, the Licence Holder is prohibited from further use of that Sea Lice Mitigation measure at the Facility during the current production cycle without prior written approval from the Department.

6.13The Licence Holder must ensure that all mechanical treatment options have technology in place to capture sea lice, and sea lice removed via mechanical treatment must not be returned to the marine environment.

6.14 For Active Facilities growing Atlantic salmon, Licence Holders are required to monitor wild salmon for sea lice as per the direction of the Department. All data from sea lice monitoring on wild salmon, including that conducted under a Fishery (General) Regulations Section 52 scientific permit, must be submitted to the Department as follows:

  1. on November 15th of each year, the data collected during the period of August 1st of the previous year to July 31st of the reporting year; and
  2. be made available upon request of a Fishery Officer or Fishery Guardian.

7. Escape prevention, reporting and response

7.1 The Licence Holder must have in place and follow an Escape Prevention and Response Management Plan (EPRMP), including all elements outlined in Appendix 15 to prevent the escape of cultivated fish, and submit the complete EPRMP, with modified sections identified to the Department by October 15th of each year.

7.2 If an escape or a suspected escape of cultivated fish from the Containment Structure Array occurs, the Licence Holder must take immediate action to prevent further escapes.

7.3 The Licence Holder must notify the Department of any escape or Evidence of Escape of cultivated fish from this Facility within 24 hours Upon Discovery as defined in Appendix 16.

7.4 The Licence Holder must submit to the Department a complete follow-up report, as defined in Appendix 16, not later than seven Days after the escape or suspected escape.

8. Interactions with wild fish and megafauna

8.1 The Licence Holder must design and use nets and equipment and conduct operations in a manner that causes the least amount of harm to Incidental Catch or the residence of the individuals of any species listed as threatened or endangered under the Species at Risk Act or its critical habitat, and does not jeopardize the survival and recovery of these species.

8.2 The Licence Holder must have mitigation in place to sort farmed fish from wild fish during Transfer between Facilities, Harvest, and net removal, and take reasonable efforts to minimize the Transfer of wild fish between Facilities and to processing plants.

8.3 Unless otherwise directed by the Canadian Food Inspection Agency or the Department, the Licence Holder must ensure that any live Incidental Catch are immediately returned to waters outside the aquaculture Facility in a manner that causes the least harm.

8.4 The Licence Holder must retain all dead Incidental Catch and dispose of them in the same manner that cultivated stock carcasses are disposed of, as set out in the HMP.

8.5 The Licence Holder must maintain Incidental Catch records as defined in Appendix 17 and must submit to the Department in the following manner:

  1. for Facilities that have fish continuously on site, a report must be submitted on January 15th of each year. Records from the previous calendar year must be included; or
  2. for all other Facilities, a report must be submitted within 15 Days of the final date of Harvest that includes all records generated during the production and Harvest cycle. The Licence Holder must submit a follow-up report if more Incidental Catch and/or herring spawn is discovered after all Containment Structures are removed; either at the Facility or the processing plant.

8.6 Starting July 15, 2022 and quarterly thereafter for the term of this licence, the Licence Holder must maintain and submit to the Department, records of all wild or enhanced fish Mortalities collected during routine carcass recovery, as defined in Appendix 18.

8.7 The Licence Holder must have in place and follow a Megafauna Interaction Management Plan (MIMP) that includes all the elements of Appendix 19 and submit the complete MIMP, with modified sections identified to the Department by October 15th of each year.

8.8 When the licence holder uses Megafauna deterrents, they must:

  1. only use deterrents approved by the department; and
  2. only use deterrents listed in the facility’s Megafauna Interaction Management Plan; and
  3. use deterrents in accordance with Appendix 20; and
  4. not use Acoustical Deterrents.

8.9 Upon Discovery of live entangled or entrapped Megafauna within the farm’s infrastructure, the Licence Holder must:

  1. make all reasonable attempts to free the animal with least harm if it is a pinniped, sea otter, turtle (see also 8.9c) or cetacean smaller than 2m in length; and
  2. make all reasonable attempts to free the animal with least harm, including following guidance in the Code of Conduct for Shark Encounters and the Code of Conduct for Basking Sharks Encounters, if it is a shark; and
  3. contact the Department’s Observe, Record, Report (ORR) number (1-800-465-4336) if it is a cetacean greater than 2m in length or a leatherback turtle; identifying the Facility, location, species, situational details, and call-back information and wait to receive explicit guidance from the Department before attempting to release the animal; and
  4. farm personnel must collect photographs or video of entangled or entrapped Megafauna, excluding harbour seals and California sea lions, for submission to the Department.

8.10 Upon Discovery of dead entangled or entrapped Megafauna within the farm’s infrastructure, the Licence Holder must:

  1. dispose of pinnipeds following all municipal, regional, provincial, and federal government legislation; and
  2. seek advice from the Department within 24 hours Upon Discovery on what to do with the animal if it is a sea otter, turtle, shark, or cetacean smaller than 2m in length; and
  3. immediately contact the Department’s ORR number (1-800-465-4336) if it is a cetacean greater than 2m in length; identifying the Facility, location, species, situational details, and call-back information. Do not move the animal before receiving explicit advice from the Department unless there is an immediate risk to human safety or of harm to the infrastructure that could result in a significant fish escape event; and
  4. collect photographs or video of entangled or entrapped Megafauna, excluding harbour seals and California sea lions, for submission to the Department.

8.11 The Licence Holder must immediately record on-site and then notify the Department in writing of any Megafauna drowning, entrapment or entanglement (live or dead) not later than 24 hours Upon Discovery, in addition to any specific requirements set out above in Section 8.9 and 8.10. The notification must include the date and time of discovery and as much of the detail set out in Appendix 21 as possible.

8.12 Not later than seven Days after the initial notification pursuant to Section 8.11, the Licence Holder must submit to the Department a complete follow-up report of any Megafauna drowning, entrapment or entanglement (live or dead), as defined in Appendix 21.

8.13 In the event that deterrent efforts fail, the Licence Holder must contact the Department if there are any Marine Mammals that represent an imminent risk to human safety or harm to the infrastructure that could result in a significant fish escape event, in order to receive guidance on how to manage the situation.

9. Protection of fish habitat

9.1 The installation and removal of this operation is authorized under section 35(2)(a) of the Fisheries Act.

9.2 The Licence Holder must maintain records at this Facility of in-water net cleaning for the purposes of Biofouling removal, as set out in Appendix 22.

9.3 The Licence Holder must ensure that only anchoring equipment is in contact with the sea bed.

9.4 The Licence Holder must collect and retain, with minimal leakage, blood generated during Harvest and dispose of it at a licensed processing facility.

9.5 The Licence Holder must ensure all Debris generated or used at this Facility is collected or treated and disposed of in accordance with applicable Federal, Provincial, and Municipal legislation.

9.6 The licence holder must, upon loss or discovery of Harmful Debris from the facility:

  1. notify the department within seven Days, outlining the date of discovery, facility number, type, size, any identifying information, GPS of last known location, and approximate depth; and
  2. retrieve the Harmful Debris as soon as possible within two months if it may catch and/or entangle fish, including marine mammals and other megafauna, unless directed otherwise by the department; and
  3. notify the department within seven Days of any retrieval, including the date of retrieval, photographic evidence, facility number, date it was previously lost, type, size, if all lost was retrieved, and if not, the number of units retrieved, the estimated amount retrieved and the last known position.

9.7 The licence holder must conduct benthic monitoring at the facility in accordance with the Aquaculture Activities Regulations.

10. Operation of vessels

10.1 The Licence Holder must post signage directing all vessels not involved in the cultivation of fish to dock at the designated and clearly identified docking station.

10.2 The Licence Holder must monitor and post restricted use signs in those areas where vessels not involved in the cultivation of fish are not permitted access.

11. Annual aquaculture statistical report

11.1 On January 25th of each year, the Licence Holder must complete and submit to the Department the Annual Aquaculture Statistical Report as set out in Appendix 23 for the previous calendar year.

12. Use of lights

12.1 The Licence Holder may use lights to promote fish growth and alter fish physiology and must record the following:

  1. type of lights used; and
  2. the intensity of lights used; and
  3. the number of lights used; and
  4. dates and times when the lights are used (period of Day; season).

12.2 On February 15th of each year, the Licence Holder must submit to the Department annual light use reports as defined in Appendix 24, summarizing results from Section 12.1 for the previous calendar year if they were used.

Appendix 1: Inventory plan

Submit this report using the most recent structured data template provided by the Department. The following information must be included:

General information:

Report details:

Appendix 2: Detail of monthly stock transfers

Submit this report using the most recent structured data template provided by the Department. The following information must be included:

General information

Report details:

Appendix 3: Population harvest declaration form

All sections of this appendix must be completed unless otherwise directed in applicable licence conditions or by the Department

Part A.

Company name:

Address:

Phone number:

Aquaculture facility number:

Fish ID or Lot #

Date of Harvest

Fish species and common names

Quantity shipped (pieces)

Name of Market Venue, Distributor, Next Grower, or Processor:

Part B. Details of drug/chemical treatment while fish in this lot held at the licence facility details of last drug/chemical treatment:

  1. Name of drug and prescription no. (if any)
  2. Date treatment commenced
  3. Date treatment ended
  4. Treatment information (withdrawal time prescribed, how applied to animals (in-feed or bath), amount per Kg of feed, etc.)
    Treatment file and details are available at rearing site: Yes No
  5. Name of prescribing veterinarian

Name of person responsible for administering the treatment

Signature of Person Responsible for the information of this declaration

Date:

This form may be used by a licence holder or their agent to satisfy the information requirements specified in licence condition 2.5 concerning shipping of fish/seafood to a market venue or processing plant. This form must accompany the fish/seafood and must be retained by the market or processing licensee for a period of one year. Please note that this form must be submitted even if there has been no drug treatment of the animals in the shipment.

Appendix 4: Health management plan

Marine Finfish Facility Health Management Plan (HMP) Requirements

This document outlines the minimum requirements to manage the health of farmed fish in British Columbia. The licence holder must generate their own company Health Management Plan (HMP) that confirms that all the elements in this template will be implemented, and develop a suite of Standard Operating Procedures (SOPs) that describes the details of implementation. Each section in the HMP must list the relevant SOPs to meet defined objectives. As per the Conditions of Licence (COL), this plan must be reviewed on an annual basis and submitted to Fisheries and Oceans Canada (DFO) Aquaculture Management Division (AMD) by October 15th, along with a complete copy of the company’s SOPs.

1. Personnel duties and responsibilities

Employing and contracting personnel who are trained in fish health and husbandry is essential for the maintenance of fish health on farm. It is beneficial that all facility staff have a general awareness of health principles.

The HMP/SOPs must describe how the company will address these points:

2. Biosecurity

Disease-causing agents (pathogens) may be found on or in fish (wild or cultured), animals and birds, water, and equipment, gear, and infrastructure. Therefore, biosecurity practices are required to minimize the pathways of pathogen transfer wherever possible. Biosecurity has three main goals: minimizing the entry of pathogens to farms, and minimizing the spread of pathogens within and outside of the farm.

The HMP/SOPs must describe how the company will address these points:

3. Disinfectants, chemicals, chemotherapeutants, and biologicals

Disinfectants, chemicals, chemotherapeutants, and biologicals (e.g. vaccines) play an important role in biosecurity and disease management and control. These must be used appropriately to fulfill their purpose on farms.

The HMP/SOPs must describe how the company will address these points:

4. Single year-class stocking

Fish are susceptible to different pathogens and diseases based on their species, age, size,and time at sea (i.e. exposure). Stocking fish of the same species, age, size, and exposure minimizes the risk of disease transmission between infected and naïve cohorts and allows for the quick treatment and resolution of disease if it occurs. The HMP/SOPs must describe how the company will address these points:

5. Area-based management

As current marine farms have water flow through, farmed fish health can be influencedby the surrounding environment and wild fish. When farms are located in closeproximity, there may be hydrological connectivity between them. As a result, managing the health of a single farm in isolation may not be as beneficial as managing fish health across multiple connected farms.

The HMP/SOPs must describe how the company will address these points:

6. Suitable rearing environment and security

Fish health is optimized when farmed fish are raised in an environment that considers their biological requirements.

The HMP/SOPs must describe how the company will address these points:

7. Observation of fish health and behaviour

Regular observations fish and their behaviour provides information on their health.

The HMP/SOPs must describe how the company will address these points:

8. Feed and nutrition

Good nutrition and appropriate feeding practices optimizes the health and growth of fish.Fish that are not fed appropriately are more susceptible to disease.

The HMP/SOPs must describe how the company will address these points:

9. Fish handling

Fish handling causes stress in fish which may make them more susceptible to injury and disease. Fish must be handled in a humane manner and only when required for health,regulatory, or production purposes. Handling Events include, but are not limited to euthanasia, harvest, vaccination, grading, treatments on vessels, and transfer.

The HMP/SOPs must describe how the company will address these points:

10. Monitoring water quality

Fish health is optimized when environmental conditions are ideal for the species being cultured. In order to respond to these environmental conditions, site staff must monitor and record water quality parameters regularly.

The HMP/SOPs must describe how the company will address these points:

11. Transfers of fish

Transferring fish is a potential source of pathogen transfer. The movement of live fish (including milt and eggs) is assessed and permitted by the B.C. Introductions and Transfers Committee.

The HMP/SOPs must describe how the company will address these points:

12. Mortality retrieval, storage, and classification

While mortality is natural in all populations, good hygiene practices should be in place to mitigate potential risks from carcasses.

The HMP/SOPs must describe how the company will address these points:

  1. Mortality retrieval and storage

    Carcasses must be managed properly in order to decrease the risk of attracting scavengers, reduce pathogen transmission, and for the timely and accurate detection of disease.

    The HMP/SOPs must describe how the company will address these points:

    • Both farmed fish and wild fish carcasses that are located within containment pens must be collected and recorded on a routine and frequent basis (as per the COL).
    • In the event of a failure of the main mortality retrieval and disposal system, there must be an alternative method of collection and disposal in order to meet the COL requirements, at a minimum.
    • Mortalities must be stored in biosecure containers that prevent mortalities or liquids from entering the environment.
    • Mortalities must be regularly removed from sites and disposed of at a land- based facility.
    • Mass mortality events require unique SOPs to describe the additional resources required to deal with unusual quantities of carcasses.
  2. Carcass classification

    The frequent collection and classification of carcasses is critical to assessing fish health. Accurately identifying the cause of death provides insight into thepresence or absence of disease, and informs decisions for the management of the stock.

    The HMP/SOPs must describe how the company will address these points:

    • Farmed fish carcasses must be visually examined for obvious cause(s) of mortality and/or signs of disease. As required by the COL, mortalities must be collected, classified, and reported as follows:
      • Environmental (oxygen, water quality, storms)
      • Fresh “silvers”
      • Handling or transport damage (trauma)
      • Maturation
      • Old (decomposed)
      • Poor performers
      • Predator attack
    • Dead wild finfish carcasses gathered through mortality retrieval must be counted and reported, along with species when known, and a general type when not known (e.g. herring-like, rockfish-like, etc.) as per COL.
    • The Fish Health Team must be notified of any unusual counts or types of lesions or mortality.
    • When diagnostic sampling is required by the veterinarian, fish health team, or DFO, it must be conducted following outlined procedures.

13. Fish health records

Accurate, legible, and accessible records are important in validating and verifying fish health data. The HMP/SOPs must describe how the company will address these points:

14. Emergency and contingency planning

Emergency situations may arise when the health of a fish population is suddenly at risk. This may be due to pathogens or to abrupt water quality changes (such as plankton blooms, a toxin, or a sudden, severe decline in dissolved oxygen). Vigilant monitoring, recording, and early detection is key to good management of health emergencies.

The HMP/SOPs must describe how the company will address these points:

15. Broodstock and breeding practices

The vertical transmission of pathogens can occur from parent to offspring. Implementing strict biosecurity practices for the collection of eggs and milt, and the handling of brood fish is important for the health management of farms and to minimize this route of transmission.

The HMP/SOPs must describe how the company will address these points:

Appendix 5: Stocking and fish health activity

Further to the definition of “Fish Health Staff” in Part A, the designated staff are considered qualified for this role if they have adequate post-secondary or on-the-job training and experience in the recognition of disease signs. Veterinarians are the only professionals qualified to make diagnoses and prescribe treatment of fish diseases.

Records of stocking and fish health activity shall include the following:

  1. inventory records (including source, number, pen/container number and lot of fish at the facility);
  2. daily feed consumption and growth rate;
  3. mortality records including: collection dates, carcass classification and documentation of morbidity;
  4. signs of increased morbidity;
  5. fish health and stress monitoring observations during handling or otherwise when noteworthy activities occur such as: predation, strong currents, influx of wild fish to the facility;
  6. biosecurity-related records including: visitor log, equipment cleaning, moving, and disinfection, footbath or equipment changes;
  7. records of fish health-related activity including: medications, lice counts, sorts, splits, fish health or veterinary inspection dates;
  8. records of mortality events, infectious outbreaks, urgent health-reporting;
  9. daily water quality records;
  10. records of non-therapeutic mitigative actions taken to prevent or mitigate disease such as: withholding feed due to blooms, deploying tarps and diffusers, the use of nutritional supplements, reducing densities, net changes or cleaning;
  11. records of samples collected for surveillance and diagnostic laboratory analyses related to fish health (record may reside at headquarter office);
  12. all veterinarian or fish health staff reports (at headquarter office); and
  13. records of reporting fish health information to Federal authorities (at headquarter office).

Appendix 6: Use of therapeutants pest control products and anaesthetics

Records of the use of all therapeutants, pest control products and anaesthetics shall include the following:

Appendix 7: Mortality events

Submit this report using the most recent structured data template provided by the Department. The following information must be included:

General Information:

Report Details:

Guidance:

Mortality Event means (a) fish Mortalities or losses reaching 1% of the current Stock Inventory, within a 24 hour period; or (b) fish Mortalities or losses reaching 2.5% of current Stock Inventory, within a five Day period.

Resolved? (Y/N): means cultivated Mortalities no longer trigger the Mortality Event thresholds for 10 consecutive Days.

Primary Portable Cause or Diagnosis: The presumptive or confirmed primary cause of the mortality event. Other contributing causes should be reported as “Other Contributing Factors”.

Action Taken: The category of action taken in response to the Mortality Event.

Information Relevant to Event: Provide detail about the probable cause or diagnosis and action taken (e.g. Plankton species, water quality parameters, disease diagnosis, treatment details, etc.)

Other Contributing Factors: Describe in detail other contributing factors resulting in mortality, in addition to the primary probable cause (e.g. Poor gill health, concurrent/chronic disease, environmental conditions)

Appendix 8: Fish health and sea lice mitigation notification

Submit this report using the most recent structured data template provided by the Department. The following information must be included:

General Information:

Report Details:

Guidance:

Fish Health Event means a suspected or confirmed Disease occurrence within an aquaculture Facility that requires the involvement of a veterinarian and implementation of mitigation to reduce associated impact(s) or risk(s). Actions/mitigation could include: treatment(s), targeted sampling, site quarantine, enhanced biosecurity, or culling to control suspected or confirmed Disease.

Sea Lice Mitigation means measures such as, but not limited to: use of in-feed therapeutants, bath treatments, mechanical equipment, or harvest to decrease or eliminate sea lice.means measures such as, but not limited to: use of in-feed therapeutants, bath treatments, mechanical equipment, or harvest to decrease or eliminate sea lice.

Incident Date: The date on which treatment mitigation was applied. For example: the date on which treatment or sea lice mitigation began, or the quarantine was established, or the disease investigation began.

Occurrence Category:

Veterinary Diagnosis:May be either a definitive or presumptive diagnosis, made by a licensed veterinarian in B.C., which has prompted the mitigative action(s) necessitating the reporting of a Fish Health Event. For reporting of sea lice management measures, choose category SEA LICE MITIGATION.

Appendix 9: Mortality by category

Submit this report using the most recent structured data template provided by the Department. The following information must be included:

General Information:

Report Details:

Appendix 10: Jaundice and increased mortality

Submit this report using the most recent structured data template provided by the Department. The following information must be included:

General Information:

Report Details:

Guidance:

Jaundice means dead fish with gross pathology including yellow discoloration of periorbital region and/or ventrum affecting >0.03% of stock inventory in one week.

Increased Mortality means a noticeable and unexplained increase in the number of fresh silver mortalities that does not meet the criteria for Mortality Event or Fish Health Event.

Incident Date: For signs of jaundice, the date on which the threshold of 0.03% of stock inventory within a one week time period was met; For increased mortality following a stressful event, the date on which the increased mortality was identified.

Reporting Date: The date for which mortality data are reported.

Appendix 11: Sea lice management plan

Sea Lice Management Plan (SLMP) Requirements

This document outlines the minimum requirements to manage the sea lice on farmed salmon in British Columbia. The licence holder must generate their own company Sea Lice Management Plan (SLMP) that confirms that all the elements in this template will be implemented, and develop a suite of Standard Operating Procedures (SOPs) that describes the details of implementation. Each section in the SLMP must list the relevant SOPs to meet defined objectives. As per the Conditions of Licence (COL), this plan must be reviewed on an annual basis and submitted to Fisheries and Oceans Canada (DFO) Aquaculture Management Division(AMD) by October 15th, along with a complete copy of the company’s SOPs with alteredsections identified.

While the company may include additional elements to their SLMP, all elements described inthis appendix must be explicitly included.

1. Staff Training

On site monitoring and correct identification of sea lice is a crucial component of any SLMP.

The SLMP/SOPs must describe how the company will address these points:

2. Monitoring

Accurate and timely counts are crucial to the successful implementation of any SLMP. Important information collected includes the species of sea lice found and its life stage.

The SLMP/SOPs must describe how the company will address these points:

3. Record Keeping

Accurate, legible, and accessible records are important in validating and verifying sea lice data.

The SLMP/SOPs must describe how the company will address these points:

4. Prevention

As with other aspects of animal husbandry and health practices, prevention is the most effectiveway to manage infection.

The SLMP/SOPs must describe how the company will address these points:

5. Area-based management

As current marine farms have water flow through, farmed fish health and sea lice levels can be influenced by the surrounding environment and wild fish. When farms are located in close proximity, there may be hydrological connectivity between them. As a result, managing fish from a single farm in isolation may not be as beneficial as managing fish across multiple connected farms.

The SLMP/SOPs must describe how the company will address these points:

6. Treatments

The data used to help guide veterinarians determine when to treat and what treatment modality to use includes a variety of biological, physical, and medical considerations.

The SLMP/SOPs must describe how the company will address these points:

Appendix 12: Sea lice event

Submit this report using the most recent structured data template provided by the Department. The following information must be included:

General Information:

Report Details:

  • Over Threshold (Yes/No)
  • Planned Mitigation Category (if applicable)
  • Mitigation Description
  • Guidance:

    Incident Date: For any Counting Event or All Pen Counting Event, as specified in the conditions of licence, the date on which the final pen was sampled.

    Occurrence Category: The PRIMARY and SECONDARY reasons for the Counting Event.

    Counting Event Start Date: For any Counting Event or All Pen Counting Event, as specified in the Conditions of Licence, the date on which the first pen was sampled.

    Current Inventory: The number of fish at the facility on the Incident Date.

    Appendix 13: Sea lice monitoring protocols

    (Protocols applicable for Atlantic salmon and trout only)

    Definitions

    Lice life stages
    Lepeophtheirus salmonis (Leps)

    Adult female
    Includes adult female lice, with egg strings (i.e. gravid) or without egg strings

    Motile Lice
    Includes all ‘not permanently attached’ free-moving life stages:
    - Adult females (as above)
    - Adult males
    - Pre-adult male and female lice

    Caligus sp.
    Both of the above

    Total numbers of motile Caligus species

    Chalimus
    Attached early stages of both Caligus and Lepeophtheirus species. Both species are categorized simply as chalimus since louse identification at these early life stages is not practical at the facility.

    Broodstock
    Broodstock may initially enter saltwater directly into designated broodstock pens, or be entered to a production farm and later become designated broodstock populations, yet remain at the production farm or be relocated to broodstock facilities.

    1. Sea Lice Sampling Protocols – Production Year classes one and two

    1.1 Other than the exemptions of Conditions of Licence section 6.11, sampling at each facility shall be conducted in a minimum of three containment structures, i.e. pens, or when there are fewer than three pens, all containment structures. Pens chosen for a counting event shall include:

    1.2 In order to ensure a random sample of fish are collected from the pen:

    1.3 Fish shall then be placed in an anaesthetic bath (i.e. ‘tote’) or humanely euthanized (e.g. in cases where biological sampling is lethal).

    1.4 Physical handling shall be minimized to protect the fish and avoid dislodging lice.

    1.5 All sampled fish shall be examined for the presence of lice regardless of the health status or size (i.e. robust, moribund or runt).

    1.6 Sea lice on each selected fish shall be discriminated, counted and recorded for reporting in the following four categories:

    1.7 When sampling of each pen is completed, water in the anaesthetic tote shall be examined for detached sea lice. Lice dislodged and found within the handling totes must also be counted and categorized in the manner above, recorded as the ‘tote count,’ and included in the calculation of the total lice number (per pen) and average abundance (per fish).

    2. Sea lice sampling protocols for broodstock

    2.1. Broodstock shall be sampled in the same manner as production fish until their second winter at sea (i.e. the broodstock pens may be selected in the normal course of selecting three pens on the farm during the month for sampling including bi-weekly counts). If a broodstock pen is randomly selected, 20 fish shall be sampled.

    2.2. In January/February of their second and subsequent winters at sea:

    1. a broodstock population on broodstock facilities shall be selected for sampling. Twenty broodstock from one pen shall be assessed.
    2. a broodstock population at production facilities, that are of a different year class than the production fish at that same location, shall be selected for sampling. Twenty broodstock from one pen shall be assessed.

    2.3. After January/February of the year in which those brood are anticipated to spawn as two-winter brood, and to reduce handling-related injuries and stress on broodstock:

    1. all sea lice monitoring shall be conducted opportunistically (or via other husbandry sampling). In other words, all sea lice monitoring shall be coordinated with other routine broodstock handling procedures, such assorting, moving or medicating.
    2. broodstock shall be subject to a visual inspection twice per month for the presence of sea lice and any associated grazing blemishes and observations recorded.

    3. Licence holder recording and reporting requirement

    3.1 Licence holder’s records shall contain the following information for reporting as per Condition of Licence, Section 6 and Appendix 12 and 14. The records shall contain the:

    1. date and details of the most recent use of anti-sea louse products;
    2. sampling date of each pen count;
    3. year class of the sampled fish;
    4. unique pen identifier;
    5. number of fish sampled for each pen for each sampling event;
    6. sampling method used;
    7. total number of lice counted, per pen (including the detached lice in the anaesthetic bath);
    8. lice counts separated into four categories as described above (at a minimum); and
    9. action taken if calculated trigger abundances are reached.

    3.2 Calculated Pen averages, Counting Event averages, and Farm Abundance records shall be stored at the facility and made available upon request by the Department.

    3.3 Reporting “null” (0) in Appendix 14 and an explanation is required if no lice monitoring was undertaken at an active production facility.

    Appendix 14: Sea lice report

    Submit this report using the most recent structured data template provided by the Department. The following information must be included:

    General Information:

    Report Details:

    Appendix 15: Escape prevention and response management plan

    Escape Prevention through Maintenance of Cage and Net Integrity

    A – General Equipment Design, Use and Maintenance

    1. The licence holder must ensure all containment structures (including net pens), nets,cage support systems and other system components such as weights, anchoring equipment and predator nets shall be designed, constructed, installed, maintained and repaired in such a manner that preserves structural integrity and prevents escape of cultured fish resulting from damage caused by interactions with other equipment, the physical environment and marine mammals.

    2. The licence holder must ensure that containment structures, cage support systems and other system components that are beyond repair are retired from service.

    3. The licence holder must ensure all equipment is designed and constructed to be compatible with other containment structure components so there is no chafing that contributes to weak points in any part of the containment structure

    4. The licence holder must ensure each net pen or similar structure used to contain fish has an inventory control number that is permanently affixed to the net in an accessible location.

    5. The licence holder must ensure that all active net pens are attached to the cagesupport system as the primary point of attachment.

    6. The licence holder must ensure that jump nets that extend at least one metre above the surface of the water are installed at the top of any net pen that does not have a permanently attached mesh top or similar barrier.

    7. The licence holder must install containment nets and anti-predator nets in a manner that ensures nets are taut at all times.

    8. At the request of the Department, the licence holder must demonstrate that net materials are strong enough to resist tearing and subsequent risk of fish escape.

    B - Inspections and Record Keeping

    9. The licence holder must ensure that nets are tested and inspected by a qualified individual for integrity and strength prior to being installed at facilities, and again when they are removed from the water and prior to re-installation. The requirements for this complete out-of-water servicing and inspection of net pens are as follows:

    1. Complete visual inspections of the entire net pens must be completed for signs of abrasions, tears or holes;
    2. Any damage to the net pen must be repaired;
    3. The net strength must be tested for new nets and assessed and tested as appropriate for operational nets; and
    4. Records kept as per section 12 of this licence.

    10. The licence holder must ensure that daily above-water visual inspections are conducted of active net pens, support systems, anchoring system and anchoring-line buoy orientation, and that any damage or irregularities which increase the risk of escape are corrected or repaired immediately and records kept as per section 12 of this licence.

    11. The licence holder must ensure that complete underwater inspections and repair of active net pens and any similar structures that contain fish take place as follows:

    12. The licence holder must ensure that complete written records are maintained for the entire life of each net pen and available for inspection by the Department, including:

    13. The complete net record as per section 12 must be kept at the facility where it is in use during the life of the net, and following net retirement, must be retained for at least one year and kept at the licence holder’s head office.

    C – Escape Prevention and Response Plans (EPRP)

    14. The licence holder must have in place an Escape Prevention and Response Plan (EPRP) describing the response to a fish escape or suspected escape including, but not limited to:

    Appendix 16: Escape notification form

    Submit this report using the most recent structured data template provided by the Department. The following information must be included:

    General Information:

    Report Details:

    Appendix 17: Incidental catch

    Submit this report using the most recent structured data template provided by the Department. The following information must be included:

    General Information:

    Report Details:

    Appendix 18: Wild mortalities log

    Submit this report using the most recent structured data template provided by the Department. The following information must be included:

    General Information:

    Report Details:

    Appendix 19: Megafauna interaction management plan

    Company:

    Location:

    Facility Ref. #:

    Date of Submission:

    The Megafauna Interaction Management Plan is intended to describe policies, procedures, infrastructure, and other measures aimed at mitigating conflict with megafauna at marine finfish aquaculture facilities including those resulting from entanglements and entrapments. Please note that different procedures may need to be written for sea otters, pinnipeds, cetaceans <2m, cetaceans >2m, turtles, leatherback turtles, different shark species, and species at risk. The following document is to be completed for each site and must include completed entries for each of the sections listed. Licence holders may submit a plan for multiple facilities provided mitigation measures are identical for all those facilities. The list of these facilities should be provided on the first page of the plan.

    Outline:

    1. Mitigation

    1. Infrastructure
      1. Anti-Predator Nets, type, height, depth, location, etc (Diagram)
        1. Mesh size, material
        2. Maintenance schedule
          1. Inspection
          2. Repair
      2. Perimeter Fencing (including electric fencing)
        1. Type and distribution
        2. Maintenance Schedule
          1. Inspection
          2. Repair
    2. Non-Lethal Deterrents
      1. Approved Devices
        1. Procedures
        2. Staff Training
    3. Interaction Recording Standard Operating Procedures
      1. Templates/Forms
        1. Procedures
        2. Staff Training
      2. Photos/Video
        1. Procedures
        2. Staff Training

    2. Site Specific Recommendations

    1. Company Policy
    2. Site Policy

    Appendix 20: Megafauna deterrent use management plan

    This document provides guidance and rules for licence holders on the use of non-lethal deterrents (NLDs) for Megafauna. Scientific literature, interviews with licence holders, scientific reviews of NLDs, and guidance provided by other jurisdictions have been consulted to produce this management plan.

    This document takes into consideration: 1) the precautionary principle; 2) the requirement to prevent interactions between Megafauna and marine finfish aquaculture Facilities; 3) the spectrum of opinions on the use, impact, effectiveness, and social acceptability of different megafauna deterrents; 4) the changes that may occur in the severity of Megafauna interactions with marine finfish aquaculture facilities over time. With respect to these considerations, the Aquaculture Management Division (AMD) is authorizing the use of some deterrents not previously considered. Licence holders should understand that changes can be made to the use of NLD conditions and/or authorizations at any time.

    For the sake of this document, Megafauna NLDs are sub-categorized into four groups: 1) exclusion devices; 2) active deterrents; 3) human deterrents; and 4) aggressive deterrents.

    NLD Type NLD Explanation Examples of NLD
    Exclusion Devices Deterrents which exist and do not require operation. Infrastructure components such as predator nets, perimeter fencing, and bird nets.
    Active Deterrents Deterrents which require a power source, but do not require operation. Electrified fencing/wires and matting.
    Human Deterrents Deterrent action taken by an individual. Loud noises (e.g. banging metal implements on infrastructure, using bear bangers and firing propane cannons), physical advances and boat hazing.
    Aggressive Deterrents Deterrents which elicit a pain, and/or stress response and, in some cases, may pose a risk of injury to Megafauna. Chemical irritants used for animal control (e.g. non-toxic pepper spray), projectiles (e.g. non-toxic, water soluble paint ball or rubber pellets), and electrified implements (e.g. cattle prods)

    7. Deterrent usage

    Suitably designed and properly installed infrastructure to prevent animals from accessing farm stock is universally agreed upon as the most effective means of preventing Megafauna interactions. Therefore, licence holders must have exclusion devices in place before any other NLD is used. NLDs must then be used in order of least impact to greatest impact. In order for a licence holder to use any aggressive deterrent, other NLD options for each subcategory must have been attempted during that production cycle and been found to be ineffective.

    In addition, the Department will not authorize the use of aggressive deterrents if the licence holder has not utilized the best technology available to exclude Marine Mammals (e.g. a licence holder using nylon predator nets when there are other products available that have a greater capacity to deter animals, will not be authorized to use aggressive deterrents). If exclusion devices or active deterrents have been shown to repeatly fail, it is expected that the licenceholder will work to improve areas of failure. For example, if a jump, or perimeter fence, is not at an adequate height to prevent Megafauna from accessing netpen walkways and aggressive deterents are used, it is the expectation of the Department that the licence holder will increase the height of the jump fence.

    Deterrents will be utilized by the licence holder in the following manner:

    The Department does recognize situations where certain NLDs are not applicable and so,considerations will be made for those situations (e.g. jump fencing at Facilities using Polarcirkels netcages).

    8. General guidance

    9. Notification and reporting of aggressive deterrent use

  • Within seven Days of the end of aggressive deterrent use the licence holder will provide the DFO a detailed account of the deterrent usage which will include:
  • Appendix 21: Megafauna incident report form

    Submit this report using the most recent structured data template provided by the Department. The following information must be included:

    General information:

    Report details

    Appendix 22: Removal of biofouling report

    All setions of this appendix must be completed unless otherwise directed in applicable licence conditions or by the Department

    Facility Name:

    Faciltiy Reference #:

    Site Contact Person:

    Cultured Species:

    Telephone Number:

    Date Cleaning Equipment / Procedure Nets / Infrastructure Average Size of Mussels
    > 2 cm
    Comments
    Type Number Cumulative Area (㎡) Anti-foulant Type Date of Application

    Notes:

    Appendix 23: Annual aquaculture statistical report

    Submit this report using the most recent structured data template provided by the Department. The following information must be included:

    General information:

    Report Details

    Appendix 24: Use of light template

    Submit this report using the most recent structured data template provided by the Department. The following information must be included:

    General Information:

    Report Details:

    Date modified: