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Commercial Pacific salmon closures

Pacific salmon are in a long-term decline, with many runs on the verge of collapse due to a complex combination of climate change, habitat degradation, and harvesting impacts. We are taking decisive steps under the Pacific Salmon Strategy Initiative (PSSI) to combat these steep declines and give salmon a fighting chance at survival by implementing extensive closures to commercial salmon fisheries in areas with significant stocks of conservation concern, beginning with the 2021 fishing season. Where commercial fishery closures are in place to conserve specific sockeye, pink and chum salmon stocks, recreational retention fisheries will also be restricted.

Based on the 2021 outlook that provides information regarding anticipated returns of salmon stocks, these closures will make the greatest impact on the most fragile stocks of concern. The remaining open fisheries may have sufficient abundance to proceed, while posing a low risk to stocks of concern, however actual returns from each in-season test fishery will determine whether they open. Factors that lessen the impacts of a fishery when it opens include fishing in areas where harvesters can avoid intercepting at-risk salmon stocks, and/or additional measures where it is possible to enhance selectivity of salmon stocks such as dates, shorter duration, and smaller geographic areas. We will consult further on long-term conservation measures with First Nations and commercial harvesters prior to the 2022 fishing season.

Understanding that stocks may need multiple generations to stabilize and rebuild, and that these closures will have an economic impact on harvesters, we will also be engaging with harvesters on a Pacific Salmon Commercial Transition Program. This salmon licence retirement program will provide harvesters with the option to retire their licences for fair market value and will facilitate the transition to a smaller commercial harvesting sector. Permanently removing fishing effort will support the economic viability of the fishery in the long run, while closures will protect salmon stocks in the short term and give them an opportunity to stabilize.

First Nations communal-commercial harvesters

We will meaningfully consult with First Nations communal-commercial harvesters on options to shift to more selective fishing gear or, where available, to other non-salmon species. These mitigation measures allow for continued economic opportunity agreements under the communal-commercial licence, while helping reduce interactions with at-risk stocks.

Commercial salmon closures

South Coast

South Coast British Columbia commercial salmon closures

Species Target stock Gear Fleet ClosureFootnote 1
Chum Fraser chum Gill net FN Sale PSSI
Chinook Fraser chinook (Summer 41) Gill net FN Sale IFMP
Chum Fraser chum Gill net FN Sale PSSI
Chum Fraser chum Gill net Area E PSSI
Chum Johnstone Strait mixed stock Gill net Area D PSSI
Chum Nitinat Hatchery Gill net Area E PSSI
Chum Nitinat Hatchery Seine Area B PSSI
Chum Mainland Inlet terminal stocks Troll Area H IFMP
Chum Mainland Inlet terminal stocks Seine Area B IFMP
Chum Malaspina Inlet, Jervis Inlet Seine Area B IFMP
Chum Malaspina Inlet, Jervis Inlet Troll Area H IFMP
Chum Puntledge, Little Qualicum, Big Qualicum Chum Gill net FN Sale IFMP
Chum Puntledge, Little Qualicum, Big Qualicum Chum Troll Area H IFMP
Chum Puntledge, Little Qualicum, Big Qualicum chum Seine Area B IFMP
Chum Bute Inlet Chum  Seine Area B IFMP
Chum Mainland Inlet terminal stocks Gill net Area D IFMP
Chum Malaspina Inlet, Jervis Inlet Gill net Area D IFMP
Chum Barkley Wild Gill net FN Sale IFMP
Chum Barkley Wild Gill net Area D IFMP
Chum Clayoquot Wild Gill net Area D IFMP
Chum Clayoquot Wild Gill net FN Sale IFMP
Pink Fraser pink Seine Area B IFMP
Pink Fraser pink Other FN Sale IFMP
Pink Fraser pink Other FN Sale IFMP
Pink Fraser pink Other FN Sale IFMP
Pink Fraser pink Other FN Sale IFMP
Pink Fraser pink Other FN Sale IFMP
Pink Fraser pink Other FN Sale IFMP
Pink Fraser pink Troll Area H IFMP
Pink Quinsam Troll Area H IFMP
Pink Quinsam Seine Area B IFMP
Pink Fraser pink Troll FN Sale IFMP
Pink Mainland Inlet terminal stocks Seine Area B IFMP
Pink Mainland Inlet terminal stocks Troll Area H IFMP
Pink Mainland Inlet terminal stocks Gill net Area D IFMP
Sockeye Fraser sockeye Gill net FN Sale IFMP
Sockeye Fraser sockeye Gill net FN Sale IFMP
Sockeye Fraser sockeye Gill net FN Sale IFMP
Sockeye Fraser sockeye Gill net FN Sale IFMP
Sockeye Fraser sockeye Other FN Sale IFMP
Sockeye Fraser sockeye Gill net FN Sale IFMP
Sockeye Fraser sockeye Seine Area B IFMP
Sockeye Fraser sockeye Troll Area H IFMP
Sockeye Okanagan sockeye Other FN Sale IFMP
Sockeye Fraser sockeye Gill net Area E IFMP
Sockeye Fraser sockeye Troll FN Sale IFMP
Sockeye Henderson Gill net FN Sale IFMP
Sockeye Fraser sockeye Gill net Area D IFMP
Sockeye Fraser sockeye Troll Area G IFMP
North Coast

North Coast British Columbia commercial salmon closures

Species Target stock Gear Fleet ClosureFootnote 1
Chum Area 8 major streams (incl. Bella Coola)  Gill net FN Sale PSSI
Chum Area 8 major streams (incl. Bella Coola)  Seine Area A PSSI
Chum Area 8 major streams (incl. Bella Coola)  Gill net Area C PSSI
Sockeye Nass Gill net Area C PSSI
Sockeye Nass Gill net FN Sale PSSI
Chinook Nass  Gill net FN Sale PSSI
Coho North Coast mixed stock Troll Area F PSSI
Chum Kitimat Hatchery Gill net Area C IFMP
Coho Nass Other FN Sale IFMP
Coho Central Coast Troll Area F IFMP
Sockeye Nass Gill net FN Sale IFMP
Chinook Skeena  Gill net Area C IFMP
Sockeye Smith Inlet Gill net Area C IFMP
Sockeye Rivers Inlet Gill net Area C IFMP
Pink Haida Gwaii Gill net Area C IFMP
Chum Haida Gwaii Gill net Area C IFMP
Chum Area 7 major streams  Gill net FN Sale IFMP
Chum Area 7 major streams  Seine Area A IFMP
Chum Area 7 major streams  Gill net Area C IFMP
Transboundary

Transboundary commercial salmon closures

Species Target stock Gear Fleet ClosureFootnote 1
Chinook Stikine Chinook Gill net Stikine IFMP
Chinook Alsek chinook Gill net Alsek IFMP
Sockeye Stikine sockeye (Wild - Tahltan, Mainstem) - Lower River Gill net Stikine IFMP
Sockeye Alsek sockeye Gill net Alsek IFMP
Chinook Taku chinook Gill net Taku IFMP
Coho Alsek coho Gill net Alsek IFMP
Yukon

Yukon commercial salmon closures

Species Target stock Gear Fleet ClosureFootnote 1
Chum Yukon chum (Mainstem) Gill net Yukon PSSI
Chinook Yukon chinook Gill net Yukon IFMP
Chinook Porcupine River chinook Gill net Porcupine IFMP
Chum Porcupine River chum Gill net Porcupine IFMP
Coho Porcupine River coho Gill net Porcupine IFMP

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